What Size Carbon Filter For 2X2 Tent

What Size Carbon Filter For Grow Tent – [In Depth Guide]

Growers! Are you ready to begin your indoor gardening projects? Do you have a plan in place? Suddenly, there comes an unpleasant odor—Oops! Most likely, it’s coming from your grow room or greenhouse. What is the explanation behind this? Your carbon filter is not functioning properly. Why? You did not size it appropriately for your grow tent requirements. What size carbon filter should I use for my grow tent? There are many sizes of carbon filters available, depending on the volume of grow tents and the amount of air moving through them.

When it comes to filter sizing, other considerations such as available space for mounting the filter, temperature, and the number of lamps placed play a secondary role.

In this case, you would have to install a filter with a CFM value that is 20 percent higher than the one you estimated.

Continue reading to find out more!

How To Select The Right carbon Filter

It is not a trick to know how to choose the appropriate size carbon filter! In order to complete the task, some mathematics and common sense are required. Here are a few pointers that will help you be smart and knowledgeable when it comes to picking the appropriate materials.

  • First, determine the size of your grow room and then select a filter that is appropriate for the space you have available.

This formula may be used to calculate the volume of a container. VOLUME=LENGTHxWIDTHxHEIGHT Some grow tents do not have height markings, therefore you will have to estimate it yourself.

  • Following the measurement of volume, it is necessary to calculate CFM, which stands for cubic feet per minute. The cubic feet per minute (CFM) figure indicates how much air your carbon filter will clear out in a minute. It is necessary to repeat the arithmetic in order to determine CFM.

CFM=Volume of Grow Tent3 may be calculated by dividing the volume of the grow tent by the number 3. Both volume and CFM will assist you in determining what size filter is appropriate for your tent.

  • Carbon filters with a size range of 6″ or above are the best match for tents with 400CFM or greater.
  • Similarly, a carbon filter in the size range of 8″ is appropriate for 700CFM and higher.

Always read the label on the filter and make sure that you are selecting the correct CFM for your tent size based on the information on the label. In order to save money, I propose that you get a filter that is in the size range of a CFMvalue that is 20% greater than what you calculated. It will help to lower the risk factors.

Table of Carbon Filter Size According toGrow Tent Size

Serial Grow Tent Size Carbon filter Size Best Carbon Filters
1 4×4 4-inch filter VIVOSUN 4 Inch Air Carbon Filter
2 3×3 4-inch carbon filter iPower 4 Inch Air Carbon Filter Indoor Plants Grow Tent
3 5×5 6-inch or aboveor6”x12”or8”x12” iPower GLFILT6M 6 Inch Air Carbon Filter Indoor Plants Grow Tent
4 2×2 4-inch iPower 4 Inch Air Carbon Filter Indoor Plants Grow Tent
5 4×8 8-inch filter iPower 8 Inch 750 CFM Duct Inline Fan with 8″ Carbon Filter
6 10×10 8-inch filter or 8’x24’Carbon filter Hydro Crunch 8 in. x 24 in. Carbon Charcoal Air Filter

Things To Know Before Sizing Carbon Filter

Growers! Do not order a carbon filter unless you have thoroughly read this article first. If you have finally decided to install a filter to remove odors, you should consider the proper size of the filter. Keep these critical considerations in mind, and then make the best decision possible.

  • Dimensions: Consider if your tent has enough area to contain a filtration device or whether you will need to purchase one. Make use of the mathematic formulas listed above to do this. Temperature
  • You should also take the climate in your location into consideration
  • If it’s very warm, enough cooling and fanning would be required in addition to the Carbon filter
  • Setup has been completed
  • Size your filter in accordance with the requirements of your Setup. In some cases, growers place filters outside the tent, while in others, they place them inside. As a result, pick the appropriate size. Calculate the internal volume of a container. The internal volume of a cubic meter is possibly the most important information when determining the appropriate filter size. Calculate it using the Length x Width x Height formula, as shown below. Light
  • The size of the filter should be able to be adjusted according to your lighting requirements. If you’re utilizing high-pressure lighting, go for a wider range of CFM to achieve better results
  • Otherwise, stick with the smaller range. This is yet another decisive aspect that might assist you in making the appropriate size selection. It is expected that the CFM will be larger than 700 and the c filter will be more than 8incch or higher.

What Size of Carbon Filter for 4×4 Grow-tent

A 44 grow tent is an excellent choice for first-time growers. It is readily capable of accommodating 4 to 6 medium-sized plants. This tent is not quite large enough to accommodate a giant filtration apparatus of this size. As a result, a 4-inch carbon filter is an excellent fit for this size tent when it comes to filtering the air within. Another point to mention is that a 4inch filter will be effective for typical pressure sodium light. The size of the filter would need to be increased from 4 inches to 6 inches if you intend to utilize High-Pressure Sodium lighting.

It is always recommended to select grow tent lights, fans, and filters based on the size of the tent, the predicted temperature, and the expected humidity level.

What Size Carbon Filter for 10×10 room

Have you ever fantasized of having a vast garden indoors? Yes, you can buy 1010 grow tents and use them to grow your preferred crops in a controlled environment with lots of room and temperature control. A large area will necessitate the use of specialized equipment to purify the air of all types of chemicals and odors. 8″ carbon filters are the perfect complement for a grow tent that is 10×10 square feet. You should never use a filter for this size that has less than 200CFM flow. The smallest filter size for this tent should be 8 inches in diameter at the very least.

Making the proper decision at the appropriate moment is critical, and this can only be accomplished via knowledge.

As a result, always conduct thorough research before purchasing any product.

What Size Carbon Filter For 3×3 Grow Tent

Three-quarter-size grow tents are classified as tiny tents and are appropriate for growing 2-4 large or medium-sized plants in one area of space. In this case, the interior space or volume is insufficient to accommodate large filters. As a result, a 4-inch carbon filter will effectively clean the air and absorb odors in this 3-foot-square tent with no effort. A 6-inch filter, on the other hand, is preferable in this situation if you are employing high-pressure lighting. You may not be able to regulate the temperature if you do not do so.

Carbon Filter Size Calculator

Is it difficult to decide which size to buy? But don’t worry, we’ve come up with a mathematical answer to your dilemma. The first thing we need to know before making an order for the filter is the volume of the grow tent, which we can figure out by measuring it. Here is a formula that will assist you in determining the volume of liquid. CFM Volume is defined as the sum of the length, breadth, and height. After determining the volume, you may compute the CFM, which is the quantity of air per cubic meter cleaned in a minute after determining the volume.

There is a formula written down there.

It is indicated on the filter box in cubic feet per minute (CFM).

Related Articles:Does a Carbon Filter for a Grow Tent Really Help?

Where to Put Carbon Filter in Grow Tent

Before you begin sizing, decide where you want to place your filter within the tent before you begin. If it’s too heavy, growers will typically lay it close to the ground. However, following extensive investigation, it has been shown that filters suspended along the inside side of the tent top function well and efficiently. A fan linked to the filter would assist in drawing hot air outside through ducting, hence it is recommended that the filter be mounted along the roof’s eaves.

It would also aid in the preservation of your outside space for plants. Growers place the filter on the exterior of the tent in order to create more compact tents. Even while this sort of configuration is technically conceivable, it is not advised. There are safety concerns associated with it.

What Size Carbon Filter for 5×5 Grow Tent

Is the size of your grow tent 55? Specifically, what size carbon filter would you recommend for it? The size of the carbon filter is determined by the amount of air passing through it and the amount of interior space available to install or hang the filter. The projected CFM for a 55 tent will be in the vicinity of 400. Carbon filters in the 6’x12″ and 8″x12″ sizes with a CFM of 400 or above will perform well in this application. Both have a CFM rating of more than 400. 450CFM is the capacity of the carbon filter 612; 460CFM is the capacity of the carbon filter 812.

If you are experiencing greater heat, then an 8″x12″ will work better in this situation.

What Size Carbon Filter for 4×8 tent

Based on other criteria such as light capacity and temperature, an 8-inch filter with 700CFM or above will be an excellent fit in this situation. Fresh inline carbon charcoal filter with a flow rate of 750CFM that is appropriate for a 48 tent configuration. Additionally, the projected height of these tents is 8. As a result, the interior capacity is rather big (4x8x8) in order to fit an 8-inch filter without difficulty. If you install a 6-inch filter in this location, it will also perform satisfactorily, but not perfectly.

What Size of Carbon Filter For 2×2 Tent

This is the smallest size tent available, and it has been built just for novices. Despite the fact that they are absolute mini-minor structures, if you wish to place filters here, you may still do so. Because it is the final smallest version, the filter size for the 2×2 growing tent should be 4 inches. Everything is now up to you to decide how you would set it up in your tent. The most effective method is to suspend it from the inside wall of the roof, so preserving some room for plantation.

Bottom Line

It’s time to put the Carbon filter sizing tricks aside for good. Even yet, it might be difficult for individuals who do not enjoy mathematics. You should conduct thorough research and study the labels of every product you want to purchase, whether it be a carbon filter or a grow tent. I would recommend purchasing a complete kit or a starter kit. Set up according to the size of your tent, which may contain everything from a fan to a tent to a filter to lighting. Making use of the gear will reduce your chances of making blunders.

If you have any experience with different sizes of filters in different grow tents, please share your thoughts with us.

Thank you for continuing to read.

Ventilation. For 2×2 help please, do i need a carbon filter set up? Please explain my best route. grow question by Nzmk902

1 year ago, Nzmk902 began asking a question about growing things. The 2×2 grow tentlight that I’m looking for is now on backorder. Following what I’ve read, I don’t require a carbon filter. For a single plant. What if I put a fan in my greenhouse to imitate wind and enhance my plant? Is it necessary to have a fan blowing fresh air into the room? Alternatively, simply leave the fan beside the hatch to draw in fresh air. Please, someone assist me! Resolved Other. Questions of a general nature Other.

  1. Ventilation 1 year ago, Rooflower responded to a grow question.
  2. However, in that tiny area, with a good exhaust fan and a circulation fan, you will be fine: v: Look at my calendar: v:seedling:black heart:Stay 1 year ago, Weededanswered a question about growing.
  3. I would recommend getting an in-line fan, which will take care of your exhaust while also creating negative pressure in the tent, which will allow fresh air to flow into the tent.
  4. In addition, you will want an inside fan to circulate air throughout your tent’s canopy.
  5. However, should I have a fan for the air that is being expelled?
  6. if any of the vents are open Would you recommend having fans blowing both in and out of the room?
  7. Any assistance is much appreciated.
  8. Hello there, buddy.

Good luck to you while you’re waiting for a diary: seedling:black heart:v:

How Venilation Do I Need For A 2X2 Tent

For the time being, the carbon filter isn’t required, at least until the flower begins to bloom. In addition, you will want an inside fan to circulate air throughout your tent’s canopy.

Do I need ventilation in my Grow Tent?

Effective grow tent ventilation is critical for healthy plant development, and effective filtration is equally important for cleaning the air and eliminating all aromas from the environment. Furthermore, it is critical to ensure that the air within your tent is circulated. This will help to keep temperatures and smells down, as well as strengthen plants, among other things.

Can you leave your grow tent open?

Yes, theoretically, you are allowed to keep it open. It is my goal to be able to control as many factors as possible, and growing under a tent allows me to do this. You’re exposing your plants to everyone and everything in the room as a result of this.

What size fan for 5×5 grow tent?

The best inline exhaust fan for a 55 grow tent is 6 inches in diameter and has a capacity of around 400 CFM.

Does a 2×4 grow tent need an intake fan?

Larger grow tents can also benefit from passive air intake, but they will necessitate the use of exhaust fans with greater CFM ratings. The intake of fresh air is simply one component of the indoor growth equation. Many parameters, including as the size of the grow tent, the number of grow lights, and the number of inline fans, influence the creation of the best growth environment.

Can I vent grow tent into same room?

You may run ducting from the exhaust on your grow tent and direct the exhaust towards a different room or outside your home if you choose. Alternatively, you may just vent it into the same room in which the tent was placed. The second alternative is, without a doubt, the more straightforward. It also eliminates the most significant drawback of venting outside your home: the presence of a noticeable heat signature.

Can I veg and flower in the same tent?

The bottom line is that if you’re cultivating photoperiod cannabis, you simply cannot grow both flowering and vegetative stages in the same ‘room’ since their light requirements are different. A plant’s blossoming period needs 12 hours of complete darkness every day. It is necessary to divide the garden into two sections so that the light from the vegetable patch does not interfere with the floral plants.

Should I run my carbon filter 24 7?

During veg stage, you should run the inline fan continuously, but if you want to extend the life of your carbon filter, you shouldn’t have it connected at all during flower stage. Only when the buds begin to give off their aroma should it be connected during flower stage if you need it to mask the smell. During the growing process, mine are unhooked until I need to filter the smell.

What do I need for a 4×4 grow tent?

In this case, the total light power required for a 44 grow room is around 800-1200 watts. You may get it from a single 1000-watt bulb or from a number of 600-watt lamps. There are many growers who believe that one 600w light at a near height might be beneficial. However, unless you’re growing in a 3/4-inch pot, a 600-watt bulb will not enough (or smaller tent).

See also:  How To Make Your Own Hanging Tent From A Small Trampoline

What size carbon filter for 2×2 grow tent?

Table of Carbon Filter Sizes based on Grow Tent Dimensions Size of a Serial Grow Tent Dimensions of the carbon filter 2 and a third 4-inch carbon filter 3 5 5 6-inch or larger, or 6″x12″ or 8″x12″ 4 2 2 4-inch 5 4 8 8-inch filter 3 5 5 6-inch or larger, or 6″x12″ or 8″x12″

What size exhaust fan for 4×4 grow tent?

An inline grow tent fan (with a capacity of around 215cfm) would be sufficient for a 44 grow tent covering an area approximately 106 cubic feet.

How many cars fit in a 5×5 tent?

In a 55 tent, there are nine automobiles.

How many watts do I need for a 4X4 grow tent?

To light a 44 tent, a grow lamp with an actual wattage range of 500-600 watts should be used (assuming blooming plants that demand a lot of light and are collected in a single location).

How much can a 4X4 grow tent yield?

An average 4X4 grow tent produces around 6 medium-sized cannabis plants every three months at its maximum yield potential. The answer is dependent on your growing strategy, as well as the varied types and grade of equipment that you employ in your operation. Indoor plant cultivation with grow tents is a terrific option no matter where you live or what sort of environment you have to deal with.

How many CFM do I need for Grow Tent?

It’s all about the formula. Example: a grow tent that measures 48 inches by 36 inches by 72 inches is turned into a grow tent of 4 feet by 3 feet and 6 feet in height. When the measurements are added together, the result is 72 ft3 of space. Because the volume of a grow area is equal to the amount of CFM necessary to air it per minute, the base CFM for this grow tent is 72.

How many CFM does a 2×4 tent need?

200 CFM is sufficient. You’ll need at least 150 people for your tent, depending on its size.

How do you vent an indoor grow tent?

Here’s what you need to do (it’s simple): Install your grow tent, complete with a grow light inside. Install the exhaust fan at the very top of your tent, so that it is blowing air out of the tent. Make certain that there is an intake opening for fresh air to enter. Install a window fan that blows air out of the room where the tent is located.

Should I leave my fan on when lights are off?

During daylight hours, both exhaust and oscillation fans should be functioning, as they should always be. If you have 2-3 oscillating fans, one intake fan, and one exhaust fan, you should leave the oscillating fans running throughout the whole dark time. In addition, switch off the other fans one hour after the light is turned off.

What size fan for 3×3 grow tent?

Member who is well-known. 6 inches is far too big for a 33. Every 2 minutes, you should take a deep breath and exhale. Calculate your cubic feet and divide the result by two to get the exact cubic feet per minute you want to be running at.

What size carbon filter for 4×4 grow tent?

What size carbon filter do you recommend for a 4×4 tent? In the majority of circumstances, a 4-inch carbon filter will be sufficient for a 44 camping tent. An 8-inch carbon filter should be sufficient to eliminate any smells from the air before they are vented from the tent due to the comparatively modest internal volume of a 4×4 tent.

What Size Fan Do I Need For My Grow Tent? (With Handy Table For Common Sizes)

First and foremost, the bad news. It’s possible that you’ll have to conduct some math. The good news is that It’s a simple piece of mathematics. And we’ll take you step by step through the process. In addition, we’ll provide you with a useful table that lists the most typical grow tent sizes and configurations. Chances are you will be able to find your information in the table and will not have to perform any calculations.

What Size Fan Do I Need For My Grow Tent?

It is not the size of the fan that is crucial. It refers to the capacity of the fan. First and foremost, you must determine the amount of capacity you require. The capacity, in turn, dictates the size of the fan. For the majority of home gardeners, a 4 or 6 inch fan would suffice. How do we determine the amount of fan capacity you require for your grow tent’s fan?

By following the steps in the computation we’ll go through later. Alternatively, you might scroll down to our table and see whether your tent size is listed there as an option. Then you may just make use of the capacity that has been supplied in the table.

Calculating Base Fan Requirement For Your Grow Tent

Obtaining the overall volume of your grow tent is the first piece of information you’ll need. To obtain this, simply multiply the width by the length by the height (width times length times height). For the sake of this computation, we are using feet rather than cubic feet per minute since fan capacity are measured in cubic feet per minute in the United States. It makes no difference whether or not you utilize meters in your calculations. Consider the following scenario: you have a 5 by 5 foot grow tent with a height of 78 inches, or 6.5 feet.

  1. The total volume is equal to 5 x 6.5 = 162.5 ft3.
  2. The capacity of a fan is measured in cubic feet per minute (cfm), which is an abbreviation for cubic feet per minute.
  3. For the most part, we recommend that you strive to refill the air in the tent once per minute.
  4. Using this formula, divide the entire grow tent volume by two or three to obtain the base fan capacity you want.
  5. Not so fast, my friend.
  6. If you simply have one fan extracting air and nothing else, the capacity we offer is the minimum amount required.
  7. In addition, there are variables that raise the capacity requirements.

Adjusting For Ducting, Filters, Lights, Etc.

Components such as ducting and filters all contribute to a reduction in the capacity of your fan. You must take this into consideration in your calculations and purchase a fan with greater power to compensate for the drop in airflow. Other components, such as lighting, can enhance your cooling requirements. You’ll need to build in some extra capacity to accommodate them. If your tent is going to be in a hot environment, you should also include some extra capacity. Here are some of the most typical components and considerations to consider, as well as the impact of the additional capacity you’ll wish to add, expressed as a % increase in capacity.

  • Lights: a 10% rise for each additional grow light
  • Filters: a 25% increase for each additional filter
  • Ducting: a 1% increase for each additional foot of ducting
  • Bending of ducting: 30 percent for every 90-degree bend (15 percent for every 45-degree bend)
  • External heat: If your grow tent is located in a warmer area (e.g., the attic or a sunny room) and/or is not adequately insulated from the external environment, the temperature will rise by 10%.

Add together all of the percentage increases to obtain the overall % increase. Consider the following scenario: we have a single grow lamp, one filter, and 6 feet of ducting with one 90-degree curve. However, the tent is not situated in an exceptionally hot environment. Growth lights add 10% to the total percentage increase, which is 25 percent to the filter and 36 percent to the ducting and bend. The total percentage increase is 71 percent. Then you’ll want to convert this percentage to a decimal and multiply it by one hundred.

  1. A 44 percent rise would result in a 1.44 percent gain.
  2. As a result, a 125 percent rise would result in a 2.25 percent increase.
  3. As a result, 5 percent would be 1.05 percent (and not 1.5, which is a 50 percent increase).
  4. In our example, that was 162.5 cubic feet per minute.

In our case, the required capacity is 162.5 cfm multiplied by 1.71 to equal 277.875 cfm. That means we’d need a fan with a capacity of at least 277.875 cubic feet per minute. However, it is typically a good idea to get a fan that has around 25% greater capacity than you actually require.

Get A Fan With More Capacity Than Required

We strongly advise you to get a fan with a larger capacity than you require. Running fans at full capacity puts greater strain on them, which means they will not last as long as they should. It also causes them to become louder. When you run a fan at a lower speed than its maximum speed, it will last longer and operate more silently. It also provides the ability to expand capacity in the event that your cooling requirements develop in the future. Nothing can be predicted; a heat wave, for instance, may occur.

Adding 25 percent to our previous example works in the same way as before: increase the capacity by 1.25 times the percentage.

Make a rounding error and purchase the next largest capacity fan of the type you desire.

It has a capacity of 402 cubic feet per minute.

What Is A Good Fan To Get?

There are many various types of fans available on the market, and the most of them will perform admirably. In general, the more money you spend, the higher the quality of the product or service you receive. This typically indicates that the fan operates at a lower noise level, is more efficient (has a larger capacity per watts consumed), and has a longer lifespan. Our favorite fans are the AC Infinity Cloudline fans. They are neither the most affordable nor the greatest quality. However, they are the most cost-effective option.

The 4 inch fan has a capacity of 205 cfm, the 6 inch has a capacity of 402 cfm, and the 8 inch has a capacity of 807 cfm.

This would necessitate the purchase of a number of fans.

Table Of Fan Requirements For Common Grow Tent Sizes

The fan power (in cubic feet per minute) required for various grow tent sizes is shown in the following table. It is not an issue if the height of your tent is somewhat different from the standard height. The capacity that has been provided will still be adequate for your needs. In the same way, if you have a few additional feet of ducting (or a few extra feet less), you may still utilize the closest circumstance in the table to get the job done. Because you should be purchasing a fan that can handle around 25% more airflow than your requirements, you should have some wiggle space if you find yourself in need of a little extra power later on.

That implies one light for everything up to and including the 55, two lights for the 48 and 510, and four lights for the two biggest sizes, respectively.

That means the cfm value you are given is your final number, and it is this number that you should search for in a fan while shopping.

We suggest their 6 inch fan for anything that requires less than 402 cfm. We suggest their 8-inch fan for anything that requires less than 807 cfm. If your tent’s airflow requirements exceed 807 cfm, you’ll need to install many fans in it.

Do I Need An Intake Fan?

In most cases, an intake fan will not be required for tiny tents. If you have a sufficient number of intake vents or if they are of sufficient size, having only intake vents may be sufficient. Generally speaking, opening intakes should be three to four times the total size of the outtake vents, according to the rule of thumb (s). You might have one enormous intake aperture or three smaller ones that are each as large as the outflow opening, depending on your needs and preferences. If your tent does not have enough, or openings that are large enough, you will need an intake fan to keep the air flowing.

It has the potential to have around 25% less power.

It goes without saying that any ducting and bends in the ducting that are linked to the intake fan should be taken into consideration as well.

In the case of 5 feet of ducting with one 90-degree bend linked to the intake fan, you need to increase its capacity by 30% (25 percent for the bend and 5 percent for the ducting length), therefore you multiply by 1.3 to get the required increase in capacity.

What Size Carbon Filter Do I Need?

When purchasing a carbon filter, there are basically just two considerations to keep in mind. The first is that the flange size must correspond to the fan size. If you purchase a 4 inch fan, be certain that you also get a 4 inch filter. Second, ensure that the filter’s capacity (also measured in cubic feet per minute) is equal to or greater than the fan’s capacity. It is recommended that you get filters from the same manufacturer as your fans. For example, if you choose the AC Infinity fans that we propose, they will come with matching filters as well.

Where To Place Fans And Filters

You have a great deal of latitude in this situation. The first option you must make is whether to place both the fan and the filter inside or outside of the tent, depending on your preference. It is also possible to have one inside and one outdoors. Inside is normally less difficult, but it may not be a choice if you do not have the necessary room. If you’re thinking about placing your grow tent outside, check out ” Carbon Filter Outside Grow Tent “. The fan and filter should be placed at the very top of the tent if they are being used within the enclosure.

In order to pull in colder air, the intake vents (or fans, if you want to use them) should be situated toward the bottom of the enclosure.

Fan Size For Grow Tent: Final Thoughts

Calculating the proper fan size for your grow tent may appear to be a difficult task, but it does not have to be. In following the guidelines we provided above, you will end up with a fan that is capable of successfully removing any surplus heat from your tent, regardless of whether you have a large grow tent or a little grow tent setup.

Most likely, the size of your tent was already included in our table, and you were able to avoid having to perform the calculation. It wasn’t that tough, even if you had to perform the arithmetic (or even if you simply ran through it in your head), since it wasn’t that complicated.

Grow Tent Fans – Sizes, Placement, Setup, FAQ (Updated 2022)

It is critical to have adequate circulation in your grow tent if you want to avoid mold and powdery mildew from forming on your cannabis. Throughout this article, I’ll cover all you need to know about choosing an inline fan for your grow tent and how to correctly install and configure it as well. How to choose the right grow tent fan size and power rating, where to install the fan, how to set up your grow tent fan, and what additional accessories you’ll need are all things I’ll assist you with.

Selecting the proper grow tent fan size and power:

“What is the right grow tent fan size?” is definitely one of the first questions you’re thinking about. as well as “What is the recommended grow tent fan power?” Generally speaking, when it comes to replenishing air in a grow room, the rule of thumb is that you should be able to replace all of the air once each minute. That is the CFM rating, which you will learn more about further down. In order to keep your grow tent cool, the fan diameter will be decided by the CFM (cubic feet per minute) rating that you want.

So don’t be concerned about having the correct CFM rate.

Then there are a few other factors, such as a 25 percent drop in fan power if you include a carbon filter, and a 30 percent loss in fan power for each 90-degree curve in your ducting.

See also:  What Size Battery Does A 1982 Viking Tent Trailer Take

The proper size fan for a 4×4 grow tent:

Let me give you an example of how to calculate the area of a 4×4 grow tent, which is a fairly typical size among indoor growers: The majority of 4×4 tents have dimensions of 48 in x 48 in x 80 in. As a result, the total volume of air in a 4×4 grow tent is 4ft (length) x 4ft (width) x 6.667ft (height) = 106.67 cubic feet (4ft (length) x 6.667ft (height). However, this does not imply that you require a 106 cfm fan. When you consider that a carbon filter will lower your fan efficiency by 25 percent, and that one 90 degree duct bend would reduce your fan efficiency by another 30 percent, a fan that produces 215cfm will produce 112cfm (200cfm x 0.7 x 0.75).

What size fan is needed for other grow tent sizes?

(Click on image to expand) It is important to note that grow tent inline fans are not made to the precise CFM output you want, thus you may have to go over by 50-100cfm when selecting a fan for your grow tent. I recommend using a fan with variable speed settings, such as the AC Infinity S or T Series, so that you may modify the CFM to meet your precise requirements. Each of the AC Infinity fans listed below has ten speed options, so if you just want 100cfm, you may get the most basic model, which is a 205cfm fan, and run it on the middle speed level to achieve that volume of air.

Grow tent fan placement:

Depending on where you want your grow tent fan to be, you have two alternatives. It is possible to work either inside or outside the grow tent. What’s the difference between the two? If you pick outdoors, the fan will draw air from the interior of your tent to the outside through a duct located on the top corner of your tent, allowing you to be more comfortable. You’ll want the fan and filter (if you’re using one) hanging near the top portion of the tent, where the warmest air will naturally travel to keep it cool inside.

Hangers are not often included with fans, so double-check that you have them.

If you decide to place the fan outside, you’ll need to figure out how to get it to rest in a comfortable position.

The bottom of most grow tents is equipped with passive air intakes, which are netted openings that let fresh air to enter the tent. Because of the fan’s ability to produce a low pressure condition within the tent, when air is blasted out, new air is naturally drawn into the tent.

Grow tent fan setup:

Yes, the diameters of your inline fan and duct will need to be the same at the place where they connect.

Passive or Active Air Flow For Your Grow Tent?

The sorts of fan sets you may utilize in your grow tent or growing room are passive and active. Passive fans are the most common. The difference is whether you want air to passively re-enter your grow tent or if you want it to aggressively re-enter your grow tent. Passive grow tent air circulation relies on a single inline fan to evacuate hot air from your grow room, reducing the need for additional fans. When air is forced out of your enclosed grow area, the pressure in the room drops to a negative pressure, which means that air from outside the tent or room should naturally be drawn in via any openings to replace the air that has been forced out of the space.

  • If you want to guarantee that the air returning to the tent is being filtered, or if the air returning to the tent is not returning rapidly enough, active grow tent air replacement is the best option for you.
  • Simply ensure that you have the right size ducting (which should be the same diameter as your fan), duct clamps, hangers for hanging, and zip ties before beginning (make sure zip ties are long enough to go around the diameter of your carbon filter).
  • To install the filter, just attach ducting to the side of your fan that is responsible for sucking in air.
  • Clamps should be used on both sides (usually provided).
  • If you’re using an active air flow configuration, I’d recommend operating both fans at the same speed to ensure that the quantity of air escaping the grow tent equals the amount of air returning to the grow tent.

How to install a grow tent fancarbon filter inside your tent:

Attach the hangers to the support bars that run along the roof of your grow tent. You’ll need enough for the fan and the ducting, so plan accordingly. Make sure they’re the right length for the fan you’ll be hanging. Keep in mind that heated air rises to the top of the tent, so avoid hanging the tent too low. 2.Attach zip ties or metal brackets to the attachment area of your grow tent fan: Place zip ties or metal brackets to the attachment region of your grow tent fan. Zip ties should be used to connect hangers.

In order to use your grow tent fan, you must first connect your carbon filter to the intake side of the fan (the side that sucks air in).

You may either connect it directly to the fan or use ducting to attach it to the fan.

5.Connect ducting to tent exhaust opening: Connect the ducting to the tent exhaust entrance located at the top of your grow tent. Attach the grow tent duct sleeve to the fan ducting by wrapping it securely around it.

Other Inline Fan Installation Notes:

The setup is straightforward; it took me no more than 30 minutes to complete my AC Infinity T4 installation. The most efficient design would be to route the duct out a window so that the hot air from your tent does not just blow into the room where your tent is placed, where it would be sucked back in and render the entire operation ineffective. Not everyone has the benefit of having a window in close proximity to their camping site. In that case, if you’re compelled to blow tent air into the same room where the tent is placed, I highly recommend investing in a portable air conditioner to re-cool the air before sucking it back into the tent through the bottom tent windows.

Does It Matter What Carbon Filter I Choose For My Grow Tent Fan?

When selecting a carbon filter for your grow tent fan, the one thing you want to be certain of is that the diameter of the connection point on the fan and the filter are the same. Make certain that your inline fan is equipped with a four inch carbon filter if your fan is four inches in diameter. Apart from that, there isn’t much of a difference between carbon filters; they’re simply large metal canisters that filter your air through charcoal to remove impurities and odors from it.

Do I Need an Oscillating Fan in Addition to my Inline Fan?

Even though the inline fan removes and replaces the air in your grow tent, it performs a poor job of circulating the air. As a result, you should think about including an oscillating fan in your grow tent to keep the air circulating and prevent mold and mildew spores from taking root. It will also aid in the distribution of fresh air for the benefit of the plants. There are little affordable oscillating fans that you can attach into the grow tent poles if you have a look at the fans I’ve listed below.

Which Grow Tent Fans I Recommend:

As long as you’re willing to purchase the ducts and hangers separately from the fans, AC Infinity offers fantastic grow tent fans. Purchasing the ducts and hangers is simple – simply match the duct diameter to the fan diameter. What is it about the AC Infinity fans that makes them so much superior than the competition? This fan is equipped with a programmable controller, which allows the fan to switch on in response to a range of different scenarios. For example, you may program the fan to turn on when the humidity reaches a given threshold.

  • You may also set a timer and receive alarm notifications.
  • When my AC Infinity T4 was running at maximum power, I was pleasantly pleased at how quiet it was.
  • This results in the fan motors being loud.
  • Quiet Inline Duct Fans With Temperature and Humidity Control – CLOUDLINE SERIES Them fans are priced similarly to other fans without the technological characteristics, therefore it makes financial sense to purchase one of these instead of another fan.

The fans are available in three sizes: 205cfm, 351cfm, and 750cfm (4-inch, 6-inch, and 8-inch). Click here to see whether they are available on Amazon.

VivoHome Inline Fan Kit

If you don’t want to go through the trouble of sourcing all of the components separately, this kit includes a fan, 8 feet of ducting, clamps, hangers, and a carbon filter. It is available in two different sizes to accommodate different grow tent sizes. With this kit, the main drawback is that the fan cannot be programmed to come on when particular conditions are fulfilled, such as a certain temperature or humidity. The fan has a simple on/off switch. Despite the fact that some customers have stated that they are content with the fan running all of the time.

Secret Jardin Clip On Monkey Fan for Grow Tents:

Secret Jardin created this 6-inch clip-on oscillating fan with a grow tent owner in mind when they created this product. The clip is designed to attach securely on the support poles of grow tents. The fan will ensure that your grow tent has adequate air circulation, which is necessary to avoid the growth of mold and powdery mildew. I’d recommend using one of these oscillating clip fans in conjunction with an inline fan in order to maintain the ideal growth environment in your grow tent.

Keeping Your Grow Tent Cool

When it comes to keeping your grow tent temps under control, you may want more than simply an inline fan. My best recommendation, without requiring you to read the entire post, is to consider purchasing a portable air conditioner for the room in which your tent is placed, or to consider adding CO2 to your growing environment, which allows you to grow a few degrees hotter than usual. See my whole post on decreasing grow tent temps for more information.

Ideal Grow Tent Temperature and Humidity for Growing Cannabis:

The optimal temperature for cannabis plants is between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit (23 degrees Celsius). Consequently, consider yourself fortunate if you have a modest grow light in a small tent, or other circumstances that allow you to maintain those temps without using an inline fan. During the seedling and vegetative stages of the cannabis plant’s life cycle, 60 percent to 70 percent humidity is ideal. When cannabis plants are in the blooming stage, they grow best when the humidity is between 40 and 60 percent.

As your plants mature, they will begin to use a significant percentage of the CO2 that is available in your growing environment.

Other Resources for Growing Cannabis Indoors:

I developed numerous useful lists and tips to assist you in completing your home improvement project the right way, in addition to determining the proper fan size for your needs. The following are some other articles I strongly recommend: Choosing the Proper Size Grow Tent, This Year’s Best LED Grow Light List, and Understanding Grow Light PAR PPFD and Wattage, among others. Last but not least, don’t forget to check out myhome page for a comprehensive collection of useful resources.

Grow Tent FanCarbon Filter FAQ:

You’ll just need 30-45 minutes to complete this task.

What should I do if there isn’t a CFM output for my exact grow tent size?

The AC Infinity fans feature a number of different speed settings to choose from.

As a result, if you just want 100cfm, you may get the 205cfm (smallest model) and utilize the middle of the ten available speed settings.

If I’m buying parts separately, how do I know if they’ll all fit together?

The diameter of all of these components is the same. If you purchase a 6′′ fan, be sure you also purchase 6′′ ducting and a 6′′ filter to complete the installation. That’s all there is to it, really.

Do I need to hang the carbon filter?

Since the carbon filter is where air will be entering your fan, you should put it at the top of your tent to collect the warmest air. Hanging the filter low or laying it on the floor would be inefficient.

Which end of the grow tent fan do I connect the carbon filter?

Connect the carbon filter to the “front” of the fan, which means that the fan is sucking air through the filter rather than expelling air through it, and that the fan is running continuously.

What size fan will fit in my grow tent?

Most grow tents accommodate 8-inch ducting, while some may only accommodate 6-inch ducting.

What if the size of my duct is too big for the duct hole on my grow tent?

If your grow tent outlet is 6 inches in diameter and your ducting is 8 inches in diameter, you’ll need to purchase a ducting reducer.

There’s too much negative pressure in my grow tent

Alternately, reduce the speed of your fan and, if possible, open up the passive air intake windows on the bottom of your tent even more, or consider installing an active air intake fan, which works in the same way as your other fan but is mounted on the bottom of your grow tent and pushes air into the growing chamber.

Can you wash or clean carbon filters after extended use?

It is possible to clean a carbon filter using compressed air. The filter may be used for up to one year before it has to be cleaned.

Can you place a carbon filter on each side of your fan?

Yes, although it may result in a slight reduction in the power efficiency of your fan. Check to see if your fan is strong enough to manage the additional carbon filter load.

Do all carbon filters come with pre-filter wrap for the exterior of the canister?

Pre-filter wrap is not included with all carbon filters; thus, if you want a pre-filter included, be sure to check the product page specifics before purchasing.

What’s the largest outer dimension of my carbon filter?

Increase the output size by approximately 2 inches. On a 4 inch carbon filter, the canister diameter would be approximately 6 inches in diameter.

How long do carbon filters last?

Carbon filters are designed to endure for at least one year of continuous usage.

Do I need inline and oscillating fans in my grow tent?

Inline and oscillating fans serve various functions in the grow tent, so it’s a good idea to use both if you have the option.

Carbon Filters: Should I Use One in My Grow Room?

So you’ve finished building up your grow room and have begun cultivating some plants in it. Congratulations! You may not be aware of it at first, but gradually you will discover that your growing area has a distinct odor. Chances are you’ll want to keep the smells of your grow area to yourself, whether it’s the strong fragrance of your plants or a slight stench from the humidity in the air. Use of a carbon filter in your grow room is highly recommended, especially if you want to keep the operation’s location secret or if you just want to keep the odours from your growing space out of your home.

What Are Carbon Filters?

A carbon filter, like most other air filters, is intended to cleanse the air that enters it while also exhausting new air into the surrounding area. Using carbon media, these metal cylinders are filled with air and connected to a high-output fan in order to remove smells and particles from the air in your growing environment. In order to accommodate the size of your grow room and the quantity of filtering you want, carbon filters are available in several different sizes and configurations.

When your grow room is correctly set up, all of the air from your grow room will pass through the filter, and the scents in your grow room will be completely eliminated.

How Carbon Filters Work

It is, in fact, pretty straightforward: CO2 filters operate by capturing and retaining undesired odors (odor particles) and dust particles, allowing only clean and fresh air to pass through the tube. Carbon filters are made of a variety of materials, however the majority of them, including Yield Lab carbon filters, are made of charcoal. Porous in nature, it may be utilized for a variety of applications ranging from removing specific gases from the air to lining face masks and other protective gear.

See also:  What Is The Difference Between A 3 Season Amd 4 Season Tent

Adsorption, which is the act of capturing molecules from the air, is possible through the use of these holes.

Of course, air does not simply float into the carbon to be filtered; it must first pass through the carbon.

In order to prevent dust and odor molecules from escaping or spreading outside your grow room orgrow tent system system, the fan draws in all of the air in your grow room and pushes it through the filter, which effectively blocks the air from leaving your grow room.

Using a Carbon Filter in Your Growing Area

The following are some crucial considerations to bear in mind when it comes time to begin employing a carbon filter in your growing environment:

Find the Right Size

Despite their similarities, all carbon filters are not created equal. Carbon air filters come in a variety of sizes, depending on the size of your growing space and the cubic feet per minute (CFM) value of your exhaust fans. The size of your carbon air filters will depend on these factors. You will need to complete the following procedures in order to calculate the CFM value:

  • Obtain the dimensions of your grow room or grow tent: height, breadth, and length. In order to determine how much space you’ll be occupying, multiply these numbers by one another, as follows: Calculate the value by multiplying it by the current exchange rate (the number of times you want the air to be completely exchanged each hour). Once per minute multiplied by 60 equals a continual flow of fresh air
  • To achieve this, multiply by 60 equals once every minute
  • Your CFM is calculated by dividing this value by 60.

The most accurate technique to determine what size carbon grow room filter to use is to make sure that the CFM value of your filter is either equal to or lower than the CFM values of your grow room and exhaust fan combined. Consider the following scenario: you have a5ft x 5ft x 8ftgrow tent:

  • Multiply5x5x8. This amount is equivalent to the cubic feet of your growing space (200)
  • The cubic feet (200) are multiplied by the number of exchanges every hour (60), resulting in a total of 12000
  • A total of 200 CFM may be obtained by multiplying that amount (12000) by the number of minutes of exchange in an hour (60). Take the 200 CFM that you now have and seek for a filter that meets or surpasses that CFM

As a general rule, it is usually preferable to exceed your CFM requirements rather than to fall short. If you purchase a smaller filter than you would use, the carbon will be depleted rapidly.

Set Up Your Filter

Once you’ve determined what size filter you’ll need, you’ll want to be certain that it’s set up correctly. In order to get the most out of your carbon air filter, you must make certain that it is filtering all of the air that is circulated throughout your grow room. This implies that you must connect it to a grow room fan and connect ducting to it, and then carefully seal it with duct clamps after that. Place the fan and filter above or near your plants to maximize air circulation.

Then, place the fan so that it draws air from your grow room and exhausts it into the filter, as shown. This configuration will ensure that all of the molecules in the air will pass through your carbon filter before any air is allowed to escape your growing space.

Maintain Your Carbon Filter

When all of the pores, or adsorption sites, in the carbon are completely occupied, your carbon filter will no longer be able to catch any more molecules in the water. Maintaining your carbon filter is as simple as making sure it is cleaned on a regular basis – generally once a month. To clean your filter, you should first remove it from your grow room and shake it to remove any dust and debris that has accumulated within. Note: Contrary to common perception, cleaning charcoal in a filter with water and soap might actually have a negative impact on the filter’s performance.

You will eventually reach a point at which your carbon filter will be unable to trap as many molecules as it used to be able to.

If you begin to detect an unpleasant odor even after cleaning the filter at home, it is likely that you need to replace the filter.

Should You Use a Carbon Filter in Your Growing Area?

The answer to that question is an emphatic one. For keeping the stench from your growing area out of your home and away from your neighbors, carbon filters are the most effective alternative. More significantly, they are the most effective method of ensuring that even the most fresh air is used by your plants for growth. It’s important to note that there are various short-term treatments available, such as air purifiers or neutralizing sprays and powders, that you can employ. Having said that, these instruments will not totally eliminate the odor from your growing operation, nor will they completely eliminate any dust particles that may have escaped from your grow space.

Carbon filters are the most effective way to ensure that your grow room is completely odor-free while also preventing odors from escaping your growing environment.

Amazon.com: Spider Farmer 2×2 Grow Tent Kit Complete SF1000D Full Spectrum Led Grow Light Samsung Diodes 24″X24″X55″ Grow Tent Complete System with 4″ Ventilation Kit Hydroponics Growing System for Indoor Plants : Patio, Lawn & Garden

5.0 stars out of 5 for this product This tent is of HIGH QUALITY. On December 16, 2020, the United States will conduct a review. It was the night before marijuana became legal in my state that I made this transaction. I don’t have any regrets. The best value for your money. This light is a kick in the shins.

Top reviews from the United States

On January 7, 2021, a review will be conducted in the United States. A verified purchase of the SF1000 tent kit with the 2.3 × 2.3 foot tent kit been made. This tent is doing its job effectively. I believe that many of the evaluations on this site are exaggerated, and that some of them may be written by friends; yet, they do explain the characteristics and virtues, and I will not repeat or contradict them (except for that fan). The following tip: If the fan and filter will be placed inside of the tent, make sure to turn them up as high as possible right away to avoid any snags later on.

  • Now, let’s talk about the fan.
  • Full speed is not required with this little tent; but, when you turn it down to a lower level, it is impossible to find a setting that does not result in a penetrating whine that can be heard throughout the entire home, regardless of how “loud” it is set.
  • I first configured it in this manner, and it is vented to the outside through an insert panel with duct collar that I designed specifically for the sliding window.
  • I left the filter outside (VENTING OUTSIDE) because the aim was to free up as much space as possible in the tent for the drying rack; but, the room started to smell when I did.
  • I discovered that the duct had hundreds of tiny holes and was spewing skunk into the room, so I replaced it with a multi-layer duct, which helped some but left a strong odor in the room until today.
  • I replaced the fan, and the odor has now been eliminated.
  • And, if you’re concerned about power consumption, consider upgrading to a more energy-efficient fan – the one I purchased to replace it consumes less than 18W at maximum speed and is rated to move more air than this 50W one.

Product Dimensions: SF1000D + 2×2 ft Tent KitConfirmed Purchase It’s adequate for use as a first tent.

The one thing I don’t care for about this model, and it’s something you should keep an eye out for, is the light model.

I wish the description had been more specific about what you were looking for.

On August 24, 2020, the United States will conduct a review.

Every item in this grow tent kit is of exceptionally high quality.

The tent is simple to put together and completely shuts out all light.

The exhaust fan is much quieter than I had anticipated and moves a significant amount of air for a tent of this size.

The rope clip hangers are likewise of high quality, and they are equipped with steel d-clips rather than plastic.

On December 16, 2020, the United States will conduct a review.

It was the night before marijuana became legal in my state that I made this transaction.

The best value for your money.

5.0 stars out of 5 for this product This tent is of HIGH QUALITY.

It was the night before marijuana became legal in my state that I made this transaction.

The best value for your money.

The photographs in this review On March 21, 2021, a review will be conducted in the United States.

My decision to purchase from this vendor was based on the fact that the inline blower has a speed control, allowing me to dial in the appropriate air flow while also managing the sound of the blower to keep it to a minimum.

It is within 10 feet of where I am standing.

Another batch of Amazon products, this time an LED.

I did, however, purchase a second LED with a distinct set of characteristics.

My second thought was that I could stack seedling trays into two tiers, thereby doubling my capacity.

The garden includes ideas for a greenhouse, but nothing has materialized as of yet.

After another week, I should be able to begin caring for my English lavender seedlings.

Very pleased with the outcome, I changed my hydrometer to a transmitting one while retaining the base station on my computer desk.

Basically, it’s just a mason jar filled with cheese cloth wick that I keep near my exhaust fan.

My relative humidity has shifted from 37 percent previously to 52 percent currently.

Overall, I am pleased with my purchase and will pass this information along to my fellow volunteer colleagues.

delighted I used the little difference to buy something.

Not all grow tent kits are made equal, and there are a variety of options available on Amazon.

While I’m writing this review, the blower is blowing so quietly that I had to stand up and check to see whether it was still running.


Currently, there is a tenth of a degree difference in temperature between the ambient room temperature and the temperature inside my tent.

My initial notion was that if I needed to increase my capacity, I could do so.

In case anybody was wondering why I needed two levels, it is because I help at a 150-acre garden.

I may also be adaptable in terms of lighting requirements when it comes to growing requirements.

Anyway, using the seller kit LED panel, my light meter is recording a range of 1000-1500+ (which is very close to the ideal).

In the spirit of humidity, I’ve included a photograph.

An old-fashioned swamp cooler serves as the basis for this low-tech humidifier.

Potential purchasers should read the comments made by other Amazon customers, which I advise them to do as well.

The photographs in this review On January 27, 2021, a review will be conducted in the United States.

Very simple to assemble, and it does an excellent job of blocking out light.

I really like the dimming switch, and despite the fact that this is my first time growing, I was able to get a lot of nodes quite close together.

The pots and gauges were quite useful, and the overall package made perfect sense.

I’ll most likely get another light or another kit in the future.

As a side note, I was not compensated in any way for writing this review.

This is an unbiased review, as I never receive free products in exchange for my opinions.:( The notion that someone out there recognized that I had no idea what I was doing and sent me me a high-quality kit that included everything I needed is incredibly appealing to me:).

Top reviews from other countries

5.0 stars out of 5 for this product Perfect for a quick and simple setup. The review will take place in Canada on January 17, 2021. A verified purchase of the SF1000 tent kit with the 2.3 × 2.3 foot tent kit been made. It was not possible to load the media. So far, everything has gone smoothly; the setup was simple. Although my video does not show any plants, it does show soil light being used as heat. I would definitely recommend purchasing a few fans and a humidifier for it, but the pricing for everything I purchased was excellent.

The review will take place in Canada on January 17, 2021.

Although my video does not show any plants, it does show soil light being used as heat.

The photographs in this review 5.0 stars out of 5 for this product Perfect for growing in a tiny space.

A verified purchase of the SF1000 tent kit with the 2.3 × 2.3 foot tent kit been made.

This grow lamp and tent combination is ideal for those who have little area to work with.

Rather of attempting to cobble together a much larger (and far more expensive) set up on my own, I wish I had purchased one of these spider-Farmer kits to begin with.

The zippers on the tent were the first item I checked, and they are made of heavy-duty material (and the seams are light proof).

I may start with a low setting and gradually increase the brightness as the plants develop and require more light.

If you are interested in starting a garden or expanding your current one in a tiny location, I would highly suggest this kit.

5.0 stars out of 5 for this product Perfect for growing in a tiny space.

This grow lamp and tent combination is ideal for those who have little area to work with.

Rather of attempting to cobble together a much larger (and far more expensive) set up on my own, I wish I had purchased one of these spider-Farmer kits to begin with.

The zippers on the tent were the first item I checked, and they are made of heavy-duty material (and the seams are light proof).

I may start with a low setting and gradually increase the brightness as the plants develop and require more light.

If you are interested in starting a garden or expanding your current one in a tiny location, I would highly suggest this kit.

4.0 stars out of 5 for this product Excellent quality and construction.

Size: SF1000+2.3×2.3ft Tent Kit (about).

When fully completed, it is a highly strong piece of equipment.

Some of the sections are completely absent from the text.

Aside from that, I have absolutely no problems at all.

I’d be delighted to work with them again in the future.

On November 10, 2021, a review will be conducted in Canada.

The fan works perfectly and is completely silent.

I purchased a clip-on fan, which is significantly louder than the exhaust.

It has everything you may possibly need.

On October 16, 2021, a review will be conducted in Canada.

The original had a problem with the lighting. Customer support from Spider Farmer came out to me and resolved the issue in a timely manner. Customer service that is second to none. Because of the excellent customer service, we will be purchasing several se5000s.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *