Why Does Brutus Have Varro And Claudius Sleep In His Tent

Scene 3

In spite of Cassius’ letters in his defense, as soon as the two men are inside the tent, Cassius accuses Brutus of wronging him by criticizing Lucius Pella for accepting gifts from the Sardians, despite the fact that Cassius’ letters were written in his defense. Brutus responds by saying that Cassius should not have written in support of such a cause, and Brutus accuses Cassius of having a “itching palm” — that is, of selling offices — in order to make money. Brutus tells Cassius that they killed Caesar for the sake of justice, and he expresses his strong opposition to being a Roman who would “rather be a dog and bark the moon” than be a Roman who would sell his honor in exchange for money.

Brutus tells Cassius of his failure to give the quantities of cash that Brutus had asked for his men, which Cassius takes exception to.

Finally, the two men are able to come to terms and embrace one another in a gesture of newfound friendship.

You learn from the dialogue that follows that Octavius and Antony are heading with their forces toward Philippi and that they had “put to death a hundred senators,” including Cicero, as part of their campaign against the city.

  1. He proposes that they march toward Philippi in order to confront the enemy as soon as possible.
  2. This approach would exhaust the enemy’s forces while keeping their own men in good condition.
  3. When his guests have left, Brutus instructs his servant Lucius to summon several of his troops to accompany him to his tent for the night, where they will sleep.
  4. After that, Brutus requests that Lucius perform some music.
  5. Brutus is resuming his reading of a book he had begun, when he is abruptly stopped by the appearance of the ghost of Caesar.
  6. The ghost then vanishes, prompting Brutus to summon Lucius, Varro, and Claudius, all of whom he accuses of calling out in their sleep, to come to his assistance.
  7. Analysis Portia has committed herself by her own hand.

The crimes of the males are taken on by her and she seeks to atone for them; that is, she internalizes, in a figurative sense, the painful, hasty, and heated judgments that have pushed the state to the brink of civil upheaval through the act of her suicide.

For one thing, she is unsuccessful since this is not a drama about what a woman could do, but rather a piece about men and their affairs.

It is unclear to the reader during the first one hundred forty-six lines of the scenario if Brutus is motivated by Portia’s death, which is most likely the underlying motive for his impassioned dispute with Cassius.


Impactful moments like this provide an opportunity for reflection and a catch of breath that unveils many layers of meaning.

When it comes to grieving, loss and betrayal are crucial components.

Cassius has betrayed him, and he is the one to blame.

The poet’s soft and rounded rhymes demonstrate that while the feminine has been left behind (as seen by Brutus’ expulsion of the poet for writing soft and rounded poems), Brutus is still in need of and seeking solace from his sadness over the death of Portia.

He urges his faithful warriors to remain by his side and turns to Lucius for the soothing and expressive qualities that music can bring to a situation.

As ironic as it may seem at this point in the play, Shakespeare enables a male character to experience something that has previously been reserved for female characters – the world of prophetic dreams.

Their place is taken by a guy who has placed himself in an impossible situation by attempting to live only on the basis of logic, while putting feeling to the side.

The chain of events that began with Brutus’ assassination of Caesar will continue to result in additional deaths.

letters Written apologies are made here.

take note of his observation be submitted to a thorough examination Itching palms, a longing for gold, buying and selling at the market, and honors This corruption gives the impression that the corruption is respectable.

urge press; in this case, press.

Instead of venting, use digestswallow.


Cassiuson is all by himself.


scope freedom of action or thinking is provided by the presence of space or opportunity.

Your insults will be seen as the product of your rage by me.

vildlyvilely; in a poor way Cynica was a member of a group of ancient Greek philosophers who believed that virtue was the sole good and emphasized the need of being free of worldly demands and pleasures.

When he approaches me at the proper moment, I’ll recognize his sense of humour.

As a result, companion!

philosophya particular set of ideas for the conduct of one’s life; here Cassius alludes to the Stoic views of his opponent, Brutus.

swallowed the flames According to Plutarch, Portia died after ingesting hot coals in her stomach.

tenure Import is necessary here.

There is a philosophical theory called arthere.

affection compelled The majority of the population does not support us.

We tried here and received as much support from our friends as we could muster.

knavea serving boy or male servant is a term used to refer to a male servant.

else, don’t think about it.

leaden macea is a slang term for “leaven macea.” Lucius is sent to sleep by the melody of a hefty medieval battle club, which is frequently equipped with a spiky, metal head.

Act 4, Scene 2

Returning to the Stage Cassius and Brutus have a fight and then reconcile. Summary: Brutus and his men are out in the field fighting. He inquires of Lucilius about the outcome of his encounter with Cassius, and is disappointed to find that Cassius appeared to be acting coldly. Cassius comes, and Brutus requests a private meeting with him. In response to Cassius’ dissatisfaction with Brutus’ punishment of one of his employees, Brutus accuses Cassius of accepting bribes. Brutus argues that they must pursue war honorably, or else the assassination of Caesar was a blatant act of hypocrisy.

  1. Brutus feels enraged by Cassius’ bragging, and the dispute escalates until the two men are able to come to terms with each other.
  2. Brutus and Cassius are drinking wine together in Brutus’ tent, and Brutus informs Cassius that Portia committed suicide by eating hot coals, which Brutus believes to be true.
  3. The men debate whether and how they should meet Antony and Octavius in Philippi, and they eventually agree to Brutus’ proposal to meet them there.
  4. As Lucius goes asleep, he requests that he play music, invites his guards to lie in the tent with him while he maintains watch, and compassionately observes the youngster as he falls asleep.
  5. Brutus is shocked, and the others, who had been sleeping, are awakened as well.

Julius Caesar, Act 4, scene 3

CASSIUSThat you have offended me manifests itself in the following: Lucius Pella has been denounced and noted by you. For accepting bribes from the Sardians in this country, whereby my letters, appealing on his behalf 5Because I was acquainted with the individual, I felt slighted. BRUTUSYou did yourself a disservice by writing in such a situation. CASSIUSI In such a time as this, it is not appropriate that every pleasant offense should be met by his retaliation. BRUTUS Let me tell you something, Cassius: you yourself are a jerk.

  • Is CASSIUSI suffering from a scratchy palm?
  • BRUTUS Cassius is named in honor of this depravity, and as a result, punishment has hidden his face from view.
  • 3 of Julius Caesar’s Act IV.
  • BRUTUS March comes to mind; the ides of March come to mind.
  • What criminal came into contact with his body and stabbed him, and not for justice?
  • But, will we now punish ourselves for our support of robbers25?
  • For all the garbage that may be gathered in this manner?

CASSIUS30 I’m not the bait, Brutus.

You lose sight of yourself in order to wall me in.

BRUTUS35 Visit the website!

CASSIUSI is who I am.

CASSIUS Please do not press me any more.

Keep your health in consideration at all times.

BRUTUS40Get out of here, little guy!

BRUTUS Please pay attention, because I shall talk.

Should I be alarmed if a maniac looks at me with his eyes wide open?

BRUTUS What’s the point of it all?

Frustrate yourself till your prideful heart breaks.

Is it necessary for me to move?

3 of Julius Caesar’s Act IV.

Do I have to stand and crouch50?

You will digest the poison from your spleen, according to the gods.

In fact, from this day forward, I want to utilize you for my joy, nay, for my laughing, whenever you are waspish.

CASSIUS55Is this the end?

Allow it to look that way, and your boasting will be truthful, and it will delight me much.

CASSIUS60Brutus, you are completely incorrect in your assessment of me.

BRUTUS I couldn’t care less if you did.

BRUTUS Peace, peace, peace!

CASSIUSI is adamant, isn’t he?


BRUTUS70For the sake of your life, you dare not.

It’s possible that I’ll do something that I’ll regret.

75 Your threats do not fill me with dread, Cassius, because I am equipped with an honesty that is so powerful that they pass me by like the wind.

3Which I do not regard as legitimate.

My heart and blood would be better spent coining drachmas than than wringing their filthy rubbish from the rough hands of peasants, no matter how indirection I used to do it.

Was that done in the same way Cassius did it?

When Marcus Brutus becomes so envious that he locks away such scoundrel counters from his friends,90Be ready, gods, with all your thunderbolts, and smash him to bits!

BRUTUSIt was you who did it.

He was nothing more than an idiot who brought 95 My response to you.

Friends should bear their friends’ flaws, but Brutus magnifies mine to a degree that they are insignificant in comparison.

CASSIUS You don’t care about me.

Such flaws would never be noticed by CASSIUSA’s kindly eye.

105 Revenge yourself on Cassius alone, for Cassius has become sick of the world—hated by one he loves, braved by his brother, Cassius has grown weary of the world.

3 of Julius Caesar’s Act IV.

O, how I wish I could wipe the tears from my eyes!

And here’s my naked breast; within, a heartDearer than Pluto’s mine, richer than gold,’ Brutus says as he offers his dagger to Brutus.

115 I, who refused thee wealth, shall offer my heart to thee.

The times when thou hated him the most, thou loved him much more.

BRUTUS120 Draw your dagger and sheathe it.

Whatever you do, shame will serve as a source of amusement.

And the straight is now again ice cold.

To be nothing more than pleasure and joy to Brutus130 When he is enraged by grief and blood, what does he do?

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CASSIUSDid you really admit that much?

BRUTUS And my heart, too, they say as they grasp hands.

BRUTUS135What exactly is the problem?

When does the rash sense of humour that my mother instilled in me cause me to become forgetful?

3 of Julius Caesar’s Act IV.

When you are overly sincere with your Brutus, he will believe that your mother has chided you and will leave you alone.

POETPlease allow me to go in and speak with the Generals.

They are on their own.

Nothing except death will be able to keep me from doing what I want.

POETFor shame, you generals, and what do you mean by that?

CASSIUS What a horrible rhyme this cynic concocts in his head!

As a result, he’s a saucy fellow!

It’s just his style.

What should be done about these jigging fools during the wars?

CASSIUSAway, away, away, away, away!

The commanders, Lucilius and Titinius, are summoned to prepare for their troops’ arrival at the headquarters tonight.

Lucilius and Titinius leave the building.


3 of Julius Caesar’s Act IV.

BRUTUS165O Cassius, I’m exhausted from dealing with so many problems.

BRUTUS There is no one who can handle pain better than him.


BRUTUS170She has passed away.

Oh, what an unbearable and heartbreaking loss!

BRUTUS I’m becoming impatient with my absence,175 And sadness that young Octavius and Mark Antonyhave forged such a deep bond over—for it was with her death that the news arrived—and it was with this that she became distracted.

CASSIUS180And how did he die?

CASSIUS You everlasting gods, how I adore you!

BRUTUS Please don’t mention her again.

He takes a sip.

—Fill the cup, Lucius, till the wine overflows; I can’t get enough of Brutus’ affection in one sitting.


163 Titinius, please come in.

3BRUTUSCome in, Titinius.

Thank you for coming.

CASSIUS Portia, where have you gone?

— That young Octavius and Mark Antony195 have written to me, and I have received their letters.

BRUTUSWith what addition are you referring to?

BRUTUSThere are several points on which our letters do not agree.

CASSIUS205Is it the one with the icero?

My lord, did you receive your letters from your wife?

MESSALA210 Neither in your letters to her, nor in anything you wrote about her?

MESSALA That, to my mind, is weird.

Is there anything of her in your voice?

165 SC.

BRUTUS215Now, because you are a Roman, please tell me the truth about yourself.

MESSALA BRUTUSWhy, thank you very much, Portia.

I have the patience to tolerate it now since I have been thinking on the fact that she must die just once.

CASSIUSI has as much of this in his work as you have, but my temperament could not stand the thought of it.

What are your thoughts on marching to Philippi at the moment225?

BRUTUSWhat is your reason?

BRUTUS Good justifications must, by necessity, give way to superior ones.

The adversary, advancing alongside them,By them, will amass a larger number of men,240 so come on renewed, new-added, and encouraged.

In the event that we do meet him in Philippi, we will have these people at our back.

You should also keep in mind that we have put out our best effort to help our friends.

Every day, the enemy grows stronger; we, at the pinnacle of our power, are poised to fall.

We are now adrift on such a crowded sea, and we must ride the tide when it is beneficial255Or we will fail in our endeavors.

BRUTUSThe early hours of the morning have crept upon our conversation,And nature must follow necessity,260which we shall niggard with a little sleep.

CASSIUS That is no longer the case.

BRUTUS Lucius.

265 ‘This is my gown.’ There is a Luciusexits.

— Titinius, good night and good luck.— Cassius, you are a noble man.

CASSIUSO, my cherished sibling.

No such rift between our souls will ever occur again!

Lucius enters, clad in the gown.

3 of Julius Caesar’s Act IV.

CASSIUS My lord, good night and good luck.

TITINIUS/MESSALA Lord Brutus, good night and good luck.

With the exception of Brutus and Lucius, everyone leaves.

What happened to thy instrument?

If you’re talking drowsily, it’s because you’re tired.

Call Claudius and some of my other men, and I’ll arrange for them to sleep on cushions in my tent.

Varro and Claudius are introduced.

BRUTUS I implore you, sirs, to retire to your tents and sleep.

We will stand by and observe your290pleasure if that is what you choose.

Please, good sirs, take a seat.

They take a seat.

I tucked it inside the inside of my gown’s pocket.

BRUTUS Please bear with me, nice guy, since I am prone to forgetting things.

3 of Julius Caesar’s Act IV.

And perhaps a couple of strains on thy instrument?

BRUTUS300 Yes, it does, my son.

LUCIUSIt is my responsibility, sir.

I’m aware that young bloods are looking for a period of rest.

BRUTUS It was a job well done, and now thou shalt sleep once again.

If I do survive, I promise to be a good friend to thee.

⌜ Luciusthen drifts off to sleep.

In your murd’rous slumber, 310 Is it thou who hath laid thy leaden mace upon my kid, who plays thee music?

I shall not cause thee any harm by waking thee up early.

Nice night, good guy.

His instrument moves.

What happened to the book I was reading?

What a sour taste this taper has.

Who is it that comes here?

320 That is what gives rise to this horrible phantasm.

—Doest thou have anything?

Tell me who you are and what you do.

3GHOST325 Julius CaesarACT 4 SC.

BRUTUS What brings thee here?

BRUTUS So, do you think I’ll see you around again?

After all, I’ll meet you at Philippi, then.

I would want to have a longer conversation with thee, ill spirit.

— Wake up, Varro and Claudius, sirs!

LUCIUS335 The cords, my lord, are deceptive in nature.

Lucius, come to life!

BRUTUS Didst thou have a dream, Lucius, that thou criedst out in such a way?

BRUTUSYes, that is exactly what you did.

LUCIUSNothing, my lord, nothing at all.

ToVarro, “Sirrah Claudius!” he exclaimed.

They get to their feet.

CLAUDIUS What do you want, my lord?

Did we, my lord, do it together?

Did you see anything interesting?

175 SC. 3CLAUDIUS in Julius CaesarACT 4 SC. 3CLAUDIUS Neither do I, my lord. BRUTUS Send someone to my brother Cassius to compliment me. Ask him to turn on his powers at a convenient moment, and we shall follow. BOTH355 It will be completed, my lord. They make their way out.

Julius Caesar Act IV. Commentary at Absolute Shakespeare

Act IV. Scene I. -Rome. A Room in Antony’sHouse.The Triumvirs (Octavius, Mark Antony and Lepidusalso known as The Second Triumvirate) decide which ofthe conspirators shall live and which shall will die.Mark Antony assures Octavius that Lepidus does not andwill not ever have any serious power. The two menstart planning their attack on Brutus’ and Cassius’forces. Antony, Octavius and Lepidus are gathered togetheraround a table. Together they are deciding the future.With Antony explaining that the conspirator’s “namesare prick’d” (Line 1), the three have decided ontheir future course of action. They decide that amongstthe conspirators, Publius who is Mark Antony’ssister’s son will not be spared from death (Line4).Lepidus also agrees that his own brother must die (Lines2-3).Antony now sends Lepidus off to Caesar’shouse to fetch Caesar’s will and then thethree will together decide “How to cut off some chargein legacies” or cut off a part of Caesar’s legacy orwill presumably for themselves (Line 9).With Lepidus now gone, Antony reassures Octavius thatLepidus is a harmless man “Meetto be sent onerrands:” (Line 13).When Octavius now questions the wisdom that a messengerbe one third of a group that will rule the world (Line13), Antony explains that they will put up with Lepidus”as the assbears gold,” (Line 21).Lepidus will be used and respected as a donkey whichcarries gold. Lepidus will be used while he is usefuland like a donkey will be put out to pasture (retired)once he is no longer needed (Lines 17- 27).Octavius does not completely agree with this. He tellsAntony that “You may do your will;” (you may do as youwish), (Line 28), but adds that Lepidus is “a triedand valiant soldier” (Line 28).Antony replies that so is his horse (Line 29), addingthat like a horse, “he must be taught, and train’d,”(Line 35) and used accordingly.Telling Antony that he no longer wants to discuss Lepidus,he adds that he should not talk or think of him as anythingmore “But as a property” (Line 40).Now Antony tells Octavius that they must cast theirminds on more important matters, namely how they shouldcombine their forces and prepare to fight the forcesof Brutus and Cassius (Lines 40-49).Act IV. Scene II.- Camp near Sardis. BeforeBrutus’ Tent.Cassius: “Most noble brother, you have done me wrong.”Brutus learns that Cassius has finally arrived.Brutus is angry with Cassius, Cassius saying he hasdone his friend no wrong. Brutus wanting privacy fromhis troops, tells Cassius to step into his tent wherehe will discuss the issue further. Before Brutus’ tent, Lucilius and Pindarus arrive,telling Brutus that Cassius is near. Pindarus givesBrutus a letter which Brutus reads. He announces thatCassius’ actions or those by “ill officers,” havegiven him reason to wish certain things were undone,but he will be pleased by Cassius’ appearance andmore importantly his explanation (Line 7).Pindarus now tries to smooth things over between Brutusand his master Cassius, suggesting that he is certainhis noble master will appear “Such as he is, full ofregard and honour” (Lines 10-14). Brutus asks Lucilius how he was received by Cassius,and learns that Brutus did greet him with the appropriaterespect but that it was not with the usual “free andfriendly” manner they are used to (Line 17).Brutus replies that what Lucilius is describing isthe cooling of his friendship with Cassius.Cassius with his army now arrives and Cassius immediatelytells Brutus that “Most noble brother, you have doneme wrong” (Line 37).Brutus replies that this cannot be, why would he wronga brother? (Lines 38-39).Cassius disagrees, telling him that his noble formhides his wrongs, but Brutus interrupts him. He saysthey should not argue so publicly in front of theirrespective armies who should see nothing but love fromthem (Lines 42-44).Instead he suggests that Cassius make his complaintsin Brutus’ tent where he promises to hear him out.Cassius tells Pindarus to make sure his commandersmove their soldiers away from the tent and Brutus tellsLucilius to do the same. Brutus ends the scene sayingthat Lucius and Titinius will guard the door of theirtent (Lines 41-52).Act IV. Scene III. -Within the Tent of Brutus.Brutus: “I had rather be a dog, and bay the moon, /Than such a Roman.”Brutus angrily attacks Cassius first for contradictinghis order to remove Lucius Pella for taking bribes andthen Cassius himself for his own dishonesty. Cassiusis upset by this but eventually Brutus chooses to forgivehis friend. We learn that Portia, Brutus’ wifehas died, over one hundred senators have been put todeath by the Triumvirs and that a large army led byMark Antony and Octavius is approaching their position.Brutus is greeted by Caesar’s ghost whichtells Brutus he will see Caesar again at Philippi. Cassius immediately gets to the point of his frustrations.He tells Brutus that “you have wrong’d me” (Line1) adding that Brutus has condemned and noted LuciusPella for “taking bribes” from the Sardianshere whilst his letters of support for Pella were brushedoff and ignored (Lines 1-5).Brutus replies by telling Cassius that he was wrongto write on Pella’s behalf in the first place (Line6).Cassius replies that in times like these (with thethreat of Mark Antony and Octavius), they should notbother over such minor matters (Line 8).Brutus disagrees, saying “Let me tell you, Cassius,you yourself / Are much condemn’dtohave an itching palm; / To sell and mart your offices for gold / To undeservers”(Line 9-11).Cassius is infuriated at being called an “itching palm;”adding that were it not Brutus who calls him this, anyother man who would call Cassius this would soon bedead (Line 12).Brutus argues that Cassius’ name is legitimizingcorrupt activities asking Cassius to remember that Caesarwas killed for the sake of justice, (Lines 17-27) andwondering why they killed Caesar for justice onlyto now become corrupt themselves by selling “the mightyspace of our large honours / For so much trash as maybe grasped thus?” (Line 25).Brutus again asserts his honesty when he says, “I hadrather be a dog, and bay the moon, / Thansucha Roman” who like Cassius would sell status and honourto others for money (Line 27).Cassius reminds Brutus that he is a soldier, strongerthan Brutus and a man who should not be restricted byBrutus who forgets who he is dealing with (Lines 28-31).Brutus says he cannot be speaking to the Cassius. Thetwo argue and Cassius asks if their friendship has “cometo this?” (Line 50).The two bicker when Brutus says Cassius said he wasa “better” soldier yet does not act like one. Cassiussays he said “elder” not “better” (Lines 51-60).Again the two argue, Brutus explaining that he is notafraid of him. Brutus also attacks Cassius for refusinghim gold which he requested to pay his legions, addingthat he is not capable of raising money by vile andcorrupt means unlike Cassius (by implication), (Lines70-82).Cassius denies this. Brutus refuses to believe Cassius,telling him that “I do not like your faults” (Line 88).Now remorseful that his friend Brutus does not respecthim, Cassius prepares to take his life, saying thathe is “Hated by onehe loves;” (Line 94 and92-105).Brutus tells Cassius to “Sheathe your dagger:” (Line106) deciding to forgive him (Lines 112-125).Lucius, Titinius, Lucilius, and the poet all learnof the Brutus’ and Cassius’ reconciliation(Lines 122-159).With their reconciliation complete, Brutus drinks winesaying that he buries all his unkindness with his drink.Cassius replies saying “I cannot drink too much of Brutus’love” (Line 160).Titinius and Messala arrive with news. We learn thatPortia, Brutus’ wife is dead, but Brutus does notseem to care (Line 166) and that Young Octavius andMark Antony are approaching with a large force towardsPhilippi. Additionally we learn that a “hundredsenators” have been put to death by these two,Cicero being one of them (Lines 165-177).Cassius now suggests that they hold back their forcesand not attack immediately and instead march to Philippiat once. This way the enemy will be exhausted by searchingfor them, increasing their chances of success sincetheir soldiers will be well rested (Lines 196-211).Brutus overrides this decision, arguing that theirenemy continues to gain strength in numbers while theyare at their peak and will soon be weaker than theirenemy. Cassius agrees and the two retire to their separatetents to rest before battle (Line 224).Now alone, Brutus orders Lucius, his servant to callClaudius and several other men into his tent to sleepon cushions (Lines 240-243).Brutus tells Varro and Claudius to lie in his tentand sleep despite the two wanting to stand guard overBrutus instead. He asks Lucius to play some soothingmusic, but Lucius soon falls asleep (Lines 256-268).Brutus is now alone, reading the book that he foundin his nightgown.Brutus is now interrupted from his reading by the Ghostof Caesar. Brutus uncertain of what he is seeing,asking the Ghost if it is “some god, some angel, orsome devil,” (Line 278). Brutus asks why this Ghost has appeared. Caesar’sGhost answers that it was “to tell thee thou shalt see me at Philippi” (Line 283). By this,Caesar’s Ghost means that he will see Brutusonce more at Philippi.Brutus now accuses Lucius, Varro and Claudius eachof speaking in their sleep. The servants all plead thatthey did nothing of the sort (Lines 285-305).
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Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare: Summary Act IV

William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar is featured on the Literature Network. Brief Synopsis of Act IVScene 1This scene takes place in a residence. Lepidus, Antony, and Octavius (the triumvirate that now administers Rome) are deliberating over the names of people who will be put to death in the city of Rome. Antony sent Lepidus on an errand for the time being. While Lepidus is absent, Antony expresses his dissatisfaction with Lepidus, claiming that he is unfit to share authority with him and Octavius.

  • Because he is a seasoned soldier, Octavius believes he may be of use to them.
  • He observes that they must teach Lepidus in order to make him more controllable in the future.
  • Scene 2This scene takes place at the army barracks where Brutus is stationed.
  • Brutus approaches Lucilius and inquires whether Cassius is around.
  • As Brutus’s dissatisfaction with Cassius grows, so does his anger against him.
  • They depart towards Brutus’ tent, where they will converse in private.
  • Cassius and Brutus are at odds over Cassius accepting bribes at Sardis and over Cassius’ failure to provide gold to Brutus when Brutus desperately needed it for his army.

Cassius threatens Brutus, but Brutus is unfazed and continues to fight.

Brutus accepts his apology and persuades Cassius to put his sword away for the time being.

Messala enters, and the three men debate the latest news from Rome; they have received tales of Antony and Octavius carrying out mass killings of senators.

Cassius and Brutus are debating what they should do as a following step.

Brutus is successful in persuading Cassius that shifting the troops to Philippi is the more advantageous tactical move.

Brutus has two soldiers, Varro and Claudius, who sleep in his tent with him so that he can communicate with them if the situation demands it.

Lucius soon falls asleep, and the ghost of Caesar arrives in the tent, scaring Lucius to death.

As soon as the ghost has vanished, Brutus awakens everyone up, but neither they nor the guards outside the tent were able to detect the presence of the ghost.

He then decides to begin the process of transferring the troops. Summary Act IV of Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar (William Shakespeare) – Literature Network

What happens in Act 4 of Julius Caesar?

Asked in the following category: General The most recent update was made on May 1, 2020. Scene One of Act Four Caesar’s assassins, Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus, have teamed together in a counter-conspiracy to eliminate the men who murdered him. “These many, then, shall die; their names are punctured,” Antony adds, holding out a piece of paper with names written on it (4.1). In the first scene of Act IV, Scene 1 For the time being, Lepidus is willing to let his brother to be slain as long as Antony is willing to allow his nephew to be killed.

As soon as Lepidus has left the building, Antony proceeds to disparage him publicly.

Brutus, Lucilius, and Lucius are introduced in Act IV, Scene 2 by Pindarus, one of Cassius’ officers, who arrives to greet them.

Brutus expresses sorrow for the deaths he has caused.

Brutus then summons Lucilius to a private room.

Conclusions and Analyses Scene 3 of Act IV.

After they have finished drinking, Titinius and Messala join in the celebration.

ActV, Scene5 of the play The tragic death of the noble character, Brutus, is depicted in the play Julius Caesar.

Octavius and Antony appeal to Brutus’s troops to join their ranks, and they promise to treat Brutus’s body with reverence and honor.

Julius Caesar

CASSIUS:That you have wrong’d me doth appear in this:You have condemn’d and noted Lucius PellaFor taking bribes here of the Sardians,Wherein my letters, praying on his side,Because I knew the man, were slighted off. (5)
BRUTUS:You wrong’d yourself to write in such a case.
CASSIUS:In such a time as this it is not meetThat every nice offense should bear his comment.
BRUTUS:Let me tell you, Cassius, you yourselfAre much condemn’d to have an itching palm, (10)To sell and mart your offices for goldTo undeservers.
CASSIUS:I an itching palm?You know that you are Brutus that speaks this,Or, by the gods, this speech were else your last. (15)
BRUTUS:The name of Cassius honors this corruption,And chastisement doth therefore hide his head.
BRUTUS:Remember March, the ides of March remember.Did not great Julius bleed for justice’ sake? (20)What villain touch’d his body, that did stab,And not for justice? What, shall one of us,That struck the foremost man of all this worldBut for supporting robbers, shall we nowContaminate our fingers with base bribes (25)And sell the mighty space of our large honorsFor so much trash as may be grasped thus?I had rather be a dog, and bay the moon,Than such a Roman.
CASSIUS:Brutus, bait not me, (30)I’ll not endure it. You forget yourselfTo hedge me in. I am a soldier, I,Older in practice, abler than yourselfTo make conditions.
BRUTUS:Go to, you are not, Cassius. (35)
BRUTUS:I say you are not.
CASSIUS:Urge me no more, I shall forget myself;Have mind upon your health, tempt me no farther.
BRUTUS:Away, slight man! (40)
CASSIUS:Is’t possible?
BRUTUS:Hear me, for I will speak.Must I give way and room to your rash choler?Shall I be frighted when a madman stares?
CASSIUS:O gods, ye gods! Must I endure all this? (45)
BRUTUS:All this? Ay, more. Fret till your proud heart break.Go show your slaves how choleric you are,And make your bondmen tremble. Must I bouge?Must I observe you? Must I stand and crouchUnder your testy humor? By the gods, (50)You shall digest the venom of your spleen,Though it do split you, for, from this day forth,I’ll use you for my mirth, yea, for my laughter,When you are waspish.
CASSIUS:Is it come to this? (55)
BRUTUS:You say you are a better soldier:Let it appear so, make your vaunting true,And it shall please me well. For mine own part,I shall be glad to learn of noble men.
CASSIUS:You wrong me every way, you wrong me, Brutus. (60)I said, an elder soldier, not a better.Did I say “better”?
BRUTUS:If you did, I care not.
CASSIUS:When Caesar lived, he durst not thus have moved me.
BRUTUS:Peace, peace! You durst not so have tempted him. (65)
CASSIUS:I durst not?
CASSIUS:What, durst not tempt him?
BRUTUS:For your life you durst not.
CASSIUS:Do not presume too much upon my love; (70)I may do that I shall be sorry for.
BRUTUS:You have done that you should be sorry for.There is no terror, Cassius, in your threats,For I am arm’d so strong in honesty,That they pass by me as the idle wind (75)Which I respect not. I did send to youFor certain sums of gold, which you denied me,For I can raise no money by vile means.By heaven, I had rather coin my heartAnd drop my blood for drachmas than to wring (80)From the hard hands of peasants their vile trashBy any indirection. I did sendTo you for gold to pay my legions,Which you denied me. Was that done like Cassius?Should I have answer’d Caius Cassius so? (85)When Marcus Brutus grows so covetousTo lock such rascal counters from his friends,Be ready, gods, with all your thunderbolts,Dash him to pieces!
CASSIUS:I denied you not. (90)
BRUTUS:You did.
CASSIUS:I did not. He was but a foolThat brought my answer back. Brutus hath rived my heart.A friend should bear his friend’s infirmities,But Brutus makes mine greater than they are. (95)
BRUTUS:I do not, till you practise them on me.
CASSIUS:You love me not.
BRUTUS:I do not like your faults.
CASSIUS:A friendly eye could never see such faults.
BRUTUS:A flatterer’s would not, though they do appear (100)As huge as high Olympus.
CASSIUS:Come, Antony, and young Octavius, come,Revenge yourselves alone on Cassius,For Cassius is aweary of the world:Hated by one he loves; braved by his brother; (105)Check’d like a bondman; all his faults observed,Set in a notebook, learn’d and conn’d by rote,To cast into my teeth. O, I could weepMy spirit from mine eyes! There is my dagger,And here my naked breast; within, a heart (110)Dearer than Pluto’s mine, richer than gold.If that thou best a Roman, take it forth;I, that denied thee gold, will give my heart.Strike, as thou didst at Caesar, for I know,When thou didst hate him worst, thou lovedst him better (115)Than ever thou lovedst Cassius.
BRUTUS:Sheathe your dagger.Be angry when you will, it shall have scope;Do what you will, dishonor shall be humor.O Cassius, you are yoked with a lamb, (120)That carries anger as the flint bears fire,Who, much enforced, shows a hasty sparkAnd straight is cold again.
CASSIUS:Hath Cassius livedTo be but mirth and laughter to his Brutus, (125)When grief and blood ill-temper’d vexeth him?
BRUTUS:When I spoke that, I was ill-temper’d too.
CASSIUS:Do you confess so much? Give me your hand.
BRUTUS:And my heart too.
CASSIUS:O Brutus! (130)
BRUTUS:What’s the matter?
CASSIUS:Have not you love enough to bear with me,When that rash humor which my mother gave meMakes me forgetful?
BRUTUS:Yes, Cassius, and from henceforth, (135)When you are overearnest with your Brutus,He’ll think your mother chides, and leave you so.
Enter a Poet.
POET:Let me go in to see the generals.There is some grudge between ’em, ’tis not meetThey be alone. (140)
LUCILIUS:You shall not come to them.
POET:Nothing but death shall stay me.
CASSIUS:How now, what’s the matter?
POET:For shame, you generals! What do you mean?Love, and be friends, as two such men should be; (145)For I have seen more years, I’m sure, than ye.
CASSIUS:Ha, ha! How vilely doth this cynic rhyme!
BRUTUS:Get you hence, sirrah; saucy fellow, hence!
CASSIUS:Bear with him, Brutus; ’tis his fashion.
BRUTUS:I’ll know his humor when he knows his time. (150)What should the wars do with these jigging fools?Companion, hence!
CASSIUS:Away, away, be gone!
Exit Poet.
BRUTUS:Lucilius and Titinius, bid the commandersPrepare to lodge their companies tonight. (155)
CASSIUS:And come yourselves and bring Messala with you Immediately to us.
BRUTUS:Lucius, a bowl of wine!
CASSIUS:I did not think you could have been so angry.
BRUTUS:O Cassius, I am sick of many griefs. (160)
CASSIUS:Of your philosophy you make no use,If you give place to accidental evils.
BRUTUS:No man bears sorrow better. Portia is dead.
CASSIUS:Ha? Portia?
BRUTUS:She is dead. (165)
CASSIUS:How’s caped killing when I cross’d you so?O insupportable and touching loss!Upon what sickness?
BRUTUS:Impatient of my absence,And grief that young Octavius with Mark Antony (170)Have made themselves so strong: for with her deathThat tidings came: with this she fell distract,And, her attendants absent, swallow’d fire.
CASSIUS:And died so?
BRUTUS:Even so. (175)
CASSIUS:O ye immortal gods!
Enterwith wine, and tapers.
BRUTUS:Speak no more of her. Give me a bowl of wine.In this I bury all unkindness, Cassius.
CASSIUS:My heart is thirsty for that noble pledge.Fill, Lucius, till the wine o’erswell the cup; (180)I cannot drink too much of Brutus’ love.
Enter Titinius and Messala.
BRUTUS:Come in, Titinius!Welcome, good Messala.Now sit we close about this taper here,And call in question our necessities. (185)
CASSIUS:Portia, art thou gone?
BRUTUS:No more, I pray you.Messala, I have here received lettersThat young Octavius and Mark AntonyCome down upon us with a mighty power, (190)Bending their expedition toward Philippi.
MESSALA:Myself have letters of the selfsame tenure.
BRUTUS:With what addition?
MESSALA:That by proscription and bills of outlawryOctavius, Antony, and Lepidus (195)Have put to death an hundred senators.
BRUTUS:Therein our letters do not well agree;Mine speak of seventy senators that diedBy their proscriptions, Cicero being one.
CASSIUS:Cicero one! (200)
MESSALA:Cicero is dead,And by that order of proscription.Had you your letters from your wife, my lord?
BRUTUS:No, Messala.
MESSALA:Nor nothing in your letters writ of her? (205)
BRUTUS:Nothing, Messala.
MESSALA:That, methinks, is strange.
BRUTUS:Why ask you? Hear you ought of her in yours?
MESSALA:No, my lord.
BRUTUS:Now, as you are a Roman, tell me true. (210)
MESSALA:Then like a Roman bear the truth I tell:For certain she is dead, and by strange manner.
BRUTUS:Why, farewell, Portia. We must die, Messala.With meditating that she must die onceI have the patience to endure it now. (215)
MESSALA:Even so great men great losses should endure.
CASSIUS:I have as much of this in art as you,But yet my nature could not bear it so.
BRUTUS:Well, to our work alive. What do you thinkOf marching to Philippi presently? (220)
CASSIUS:I do not think it good.
BRUTUS:Your reason?
CASSIUS:This it is:’Tis better that the enemy seek us;So shall he waste his means, weary his soldiers, (225)Doing himself offense, whilst we lying stillAre full of rest, defense, and nimbleness.
BRUTUS:Good reasons must of force give place to better.The people ‘twixt Philippi and this groundDo stand but in a forced affection, (230)For they have grudged us contribution.The enemy, marching along by them,By them shall make a fuller number up,Come on refresh’d, new-added, and encouraged;From which advantage shall we cut him off (235)If at Philippi we do face him there,These people at our back.
CASSIUS:Hear me, good brother.
BRUTUS:Under your pardon. You must note besideThat we have tried the utmost of our friends, (240)Our legions are brim-full, our cause is ripe:The enemy increaseth every day;We, at the height, are ready to decline.There is a tide in the affairs of menWhich taken at the flood leads on to fortune; (245)Omitted, all the voyage of their lifeIs bound in shallows and in miseries.On such a full sea are we now afloat,And we must take the current when it serves,Or lose our ventures. (250)
CASSIUS:Then, with your will, go on;We’ll along ourselves and meet them at Philippi.
BRUTUS:The deep of night is crept upon our talk,And nature must obey necessity,Which we will niggard with a little rest. (255)There is no more to say?
CASSIUS:No more. Good night.Early tomorrow will we rise and hence.
BRUTUS:Lucius!Enter Lucius.My gown.Farewell, good Messala; (260)Good night, Titinius; noble, noble Cassius,Good night and good repose.
CASSIUS:O my dear brother!This was an ill beginning of the night.Never come such division ‘tween our souls! (265)Let it not, Brutus.
Enter Lucius, with the gown.
BRUTUS:Every thing is well.
CASSIUS:Good night, my lord.
BRUTUS:Good night, good brother.
TITINIUS AND MESSALA:Good night, Lord Brutus. (270)
BRUTUS:Farewell, everyone. ExeuntGive me the gown. Where is thy instrument?
LUCIUS:Here in the tent.
BRUTUS:What, thou speak’st drowsily?Poor knave, I blame thee not, thou art o’erwatch’d. (275)Call Claudius and some other of my men,I’ll have them sleep on cushions in my tent.
LUCIUS:Varro and Claudio!
Enter Varro and Claudio.
VARRO:Calls my lord?
BRUTUS:I pray you, sirs, lie in my tent and sleep; (280)It may be I shall raise you by and byOn business to my brother Cassius.
VARRO:So please you, we will stand and watch your pleasure.
BRUTUS:I will not have it so. Lie down, good sirs.It may be I shall otherwise bethink me. (285)Look, Lucius, here’s the book I sought for so;I put it in the pocket of my gown.
LUCIUS:I was sure your lordship did not give it me.
BRUTUS:Bear with me, good boy, I am much forgetful.Canst thou hold up thy heavy eyes a while, (290)And touch thy instrument a strain or two?
LUCIUS:Ay, my lord, an’t please you.
BRUTUS:It does, my boy.I trouble thee too much, but thou art willing.
LUCIUS:It is my duty, sir. (295)
BRUTUS:I should not urge thy duty past thy might;I know young bloods look for a time of rest.
LUCIUS:I have slept, my lord, already.
BRUTUS:It was well done, and thou shalt sleep again;I will not hold thee long. If I do live, (300)I will be good to thee. Music, and a song.This is a sleepy tune. O murderous slumber,Layest thou thy leaden mace upon my boyThat plays thee music? Gentle knave, good night.I will not do thee so much wrong to wake thee. (305)If thou dost nod, thou break’st thy instrument;I’ll take it from thee; and, good boy, good night.Let me see, let me see; is not the leaf turn’d downWhere I left reading? Here it is, I think. Enter the Ghost of Caesar.How ill this taper burns! Ha, who comes here? (310)I think it is the weakness of mine eyesThat shapes this monstrous apparition.It comes upon me. Art thou any thing?Art thou some god, some angel, or some devilThat makest my blood cold, and my hair to stare? (315)Speak to me what thou art.
GHOST:Thy evil spirit, Brutus.
BRUTUS:Why comest thou?
GHOST:To tell thee thou shalt see me at Philippi.
BRUTUS:Well, then I shall see thee again? (320)
GHOST:Ay, at Philippi.
BRUTUS:Why, I will see thee at Philippi then.Now I have taken heart thou vanishest.Ill spirit, I would hold more talk with thee.Boy, Lucius! Varro! Claudius! Sirs, awake! (325)Claudius!
LUCIUS:The strings, my lord, are false.
BRUTUS:He thinks he still is at his instrument.Lucius, awake!
LUCIUS:My lord? (330)
BRUTUS:Didst thou dream, Lucius, that thou so criedst out?
LUCIUS:My lord, I do not know that I did cry.
BRUTUS:Yes, that thou didst. Didst thou see any thing?
LUCIUS:Nothing, my lord.
BRUTUS:Sleep again, Lucius. Sirrah Claudius! (335)Fellow thou, awake!
VARRO:My lord?
BRUTUS:Why did you so cry out, sirs, in your sleep?
VARRO AND CLAUDIUS:Did we, my lord? (340)
BRUTUS:Ay, saw you any thing?
VARRO:No, my lord, I saw nothing.
CLAUDIUS:Nor I, my lord.
BRUTUS:Go and commend me to my brother Cassius;Bid him set on his powers betimes before, (345)And we will follow.
VARRO AND CLAUDIUS:It shall be done, my lord.

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