How to Waterproof a Tent
The product has had 274 reviews, with an average rating of 4.4 out of 5 stars The sound of water trickling into your tent is one of the sounds of nature you don’t want to hear while you’re camping in the outdoors. If you’ve been through it, it’s time to reinforce the waterproofing of your shelter’s foundation. There are three different methods for waterproofing your tent:
- Seal the seams: Using a seam sealant can help prevent moisture from leaking through the seams. The urethane coating on the interior of your rainfly and the floor of your tent are the principal barriers against moisture
- Thus, it is important to keep them in good condition. Refresh the DWR: A durable water repellent (DWR) coating helps your rainfly drain water
- Nevertheless, it can become brittle with time.
Video: How to Waterproof a Tent
Seal the seams: Using a seam sealant can assist prevent moisture from leaking through the seams; Refresh the urethane coating: The urethane coatings on the interior of your rainfly and the floor of your tent are the principal barriers against moisture; thus, it is important to keep them in good working order. Replenish the DWR: A rainfly’s durable water repellent (DWR) coating aids in the removal of water from the fly.
- A rag, rubbing alcohol, seam sealant (be sure you acquire the proper type for your tent), and a pair of scissors are all needed. Cloth that has been silicone treated requires a different sealer than fabric that has been polyurethane coated. However, if you’re not sure what sort of fabric your tent is made of, you should check with the tent manufacturer.)
- The majority of tents are made of polyurethane-coated textiles, but if you’re not sure, check with the tent manufacturer. Optional: a drop cloth to collect spillage
The following are the steps to seal seams:
- Set up your tent in a dry, sunny location or a well-lit room so that you can readily inspect all of the seams and gussets. Sew the underside of the fly and the inside of the tent body together to create a watertight seal. It is beneficial to put the fly on inside out so that you can get to the seams more easily. Remove any peeling parts of seam tape from the underneath of the fly, but leave the sections that are still in place if you locate any loose seam tape on the underside of the fly. Prepare the seams by carefully cleaning them with a cloth and rubbing alcohol before sewing them together. Then, using the new seam sealant, seal the seams. If one seam is beginning to break, it’s possible that the rest may follow suit soon after, therefore it’s a good idea to apply seam sealer to all of them. Allow the seam sealer to dry completely before using it.
Refreshing the Urethane Coating on a Tent
If you’ve observed anything peeling off of the interior of your rainfly or on the floor of your tent, it’s time to apply a fresh layer of urethane coating to the surface. Here’s everything you’ll need to get started:
- The following items are required: a sponge with an abrasive side
- Rubbing alcohol
- Tightening agent (again, be certain to use the correct type for your tent). Cloth that has been silicone treated requires a different sealer than fabric that has been polyurethane coated. However, if you’re not sure what sort of fabric your tent is made of, you should check with the tent manufacturer.)
- The majority of tents are made of polyurethane-coated textiles, but if you’re not sure, check with the tent manufacturer.
The following is the procedure for applying tent sealant:
- With rubbing alcohol and a sponge, carefully clean the peeling coating off your rainfly and/or tent floor. Follow the directions on the container of tent sealant to apply a thin coat of the new tent sealer to the whole fly or tent floor
- Allow at least 24 hours for the new coating to cure before removing your tent from the ground. To eliminate any residue from sealant and coated tent materials, wash your hands well.
Refreshing the DWR on a Tent
If the rain is no longer beading up on your fly, you may reapply the durable water resistant (DWR) coating. Here’s everything you’ll need to get started:
- A water-repellent substance that may be sprayed on
- A clean, moist cloth
- A clean, damp cloth
The following is the procedure for applying the waterproof spray:
- Assemble the tent and clean the rainfly (if you just washed your tent, you don’t need to wait for it to dry before adding a fresh DWR coating)
- Spray the outside of the rainfly with the waterproofing spray, ensuring that it is uniformly coated. After a couple of minutes, use a moist towel and wipe away any extra coating that has accumulated. Prior to packing up the tent, allow it to thoroughly dry out.
Water-Repellent Treatments are available for purchase.
- Tent Care Fundamentals
- How to Repair a Tent
- How to Set Up a Tent
- Tent Maintenance
Chris Pottinger works at REI Co-op in Kent, Washington, as a senior tent designer.
How to Waterproof a Tent: 6 Tips (and Tons of Tricks) to Keep You Dry
You’re looking forward to your forthcoming camping vacation and are hoping for clear skies to accompany you. But what if it starts to rain? Please do not fret as this piece will teachyou how to waterproof a tent in addition to including 6 recommendations and a slew of methods that will keep you dry.
How to Waterproof a Tent: 6 Tipsto Keep You Dry
When the thunder rumbles overhead, it’s probably not the best moment to ponder about how to waterproof a tent. Instead, look into the faces of your children as they ask, “Will the tent leak?” Ask anyone who has spent a night outside while listening to-drip-drip-drip that that is the worst way to spend a night in the great outdoors. Not only that, but it’s also the most expedient method to turn your vacation into a disaster. Related: How to put up a tent in the rain (with pictures) All of these issues may be resolved by waterproofing your tent before you leave, and we have you covered.
- Learn how to know when it’s time to waterproof your tent by watching this video. How to make a tent watertight
- What are the most effective items to employ
We’ll get to such questions later in this piece, but first, let’s look at how to waterproof a tent and its rain fly. Precautionary note: Before you begin waterproofing your tent, make sure to determine what type of fabric it is constructed of. This article is mostly concerned with synthetic fabrics such as polyester and nylon. Natural fibers may necessitate a different approach and set of items than those described here. Here are six pointers, as well as a slew of ‘how to’ instructions, to assist you.
1. Check the entire tent, seals and rain fly
In the event that you fail to thoroughly inspect the entire tent, you may believe you are in fine shape just to discover seeping or leaking in unexpected locations. As a result, do a comprehensive examination to avoid unpleasant surprises. The fabric of modern tents retains its waterproofing for an extended period of time. However, if you have a well-used tent or if you are the sort who believes that it is always “better to be safe than sorry,” you will want to inspect the fabric before each camping trip.
Waterproofing your equipment on a regular basis will also help to increase its lifespan. It is possible for a tent to leak in three different places:
- Through the seams, through the cloth, through the rain fly, through everything.
Read this article to learn how to correctly stake a tent (12 tips)
2. Check every time you go camping
Every camping trip should begin with a thorough inspection of your tent, especially if you haven’t used it in a while or if it leaked the last time you were there. Checking the tent will relieve some of your tension. Each tent will be unique depending on how much use (exposure to the sun’s rays and other weather conditions) it has previously gotten over the years. Checking your tent for leaks is as simple as the following:
- Set up your tent on a bright and sunny day. Set it up in the backyard with the kids to make it more enjoyable. Take a hold of the garden hose and adjust the nozzle to a fine mist spray setting
- Spray the tent while the children are inside. Their job is to inspect the interior of your tent for any signs of water leaking through the seams or seeping through the walls.
This will set your mind at ease while also entertaining the children, since, as you know, children will be running through the hose when they come out, and they will no doubt be having a good time. If you don’t have children, you may just ask a friend, spouse, or another member of your family. It’s also possible to do it yourself and simply inspect the tent from the inside and outside after thoroughly soaking it. You’re having trouble putting the tent back in its bag. This video will demonstrate how to fold a tent like a pro.
- When you’re camping, it’s possible that condensation will accumulate on the interior of your tent.
- If it’s raining and you notice condensation on the inside of your tent, you might assume that your tent is leaking, but it could simply be condensation that has formed.
- Your choice of waterproofing will be determined by the condition of your tent after it has been thoroughly wetted with water.
- If you observe a lot of water beading and rolling off your tent, you’re fine to go.
- More information may be found at: Best Family Camping Tents.
3. Check your fly separately
If your tent comes with a separate fly (and your tent is not constructed of mesh), inspect your tent for leaks even if the fly is not attached to it. After you’ve thoroughly inspected your tent, put the fly on it. In this manner, you will be doubly protected in the event of a heavy downpour. Even if your fly fails, you will know that your tent is completely waterproof on its own. Towards the end of this essay, we’ll discuss about inspecting the fly. If your tent is constructed of mesh, you’ll need to put the fly over it first before you can inspect it properly.
4. Choose the right waterproofing
As previously stated, the tent is susceptible to leakage in three areas: the seams, the fabric, and the rain fly.
Each of these regions requires a particular type of sealant/waterproofing treatment. As a result, you’ll need to figure out which one is best for your leaking tent. For more information, please see the “how to section,” which follows this section.
5. Wash all gear before waterproofing it
If your tent isn’t brand new, make sure you wash it well before putting any waterproofing solutions to the surface. Usually, pure water and a sponge will enough, but if you see any flaking product, you’ll want to wash the affected areas with rubbing alcohol before continuing with the cleaning process. Tip: Before beginning any cleaning or application, always read the product directions carefully.
6. Consider waterproofing your new tent
Many campers believe that new tents only have waterproofing applied to crucial sections (the floor and the rain fly), so if you’re in question, applyNikwax to the tent and rain fly before you use your new tent to see whether your suspicions are correct. More information on how to do so is provided below.
How to Waterproof a Tent: Seams, Fabric, FloorRain Fly
Tent Seams for Waterproofing: The seams of your tent are the points at which two pieces of cloth come together. You’ll find them running up and down the corners of your tent, by the zippers, around the windows and doors, where the main body of your tent meets the floor, and everywhere else in your tent where the fabric has been sewn together with thread. It is important to check for leaks throughout the whole length of each seam while looking for them. It takes no more than twenty minutes to seal all of the seams once you’ve completed your work and have everything ready.
- Having a clean, dry location to work is essential. Unless the sealant comes with an applicator, you’ll need a small or medium-sized paintbrush. A high-quality sealer such as Gear Aid – Seam Grip WP Sealant Adhesive is recommended. If you prefer to wear gloves, you can do so.
How to Seal the Seams of Your Tent:
- If possible, choose a location where your tent can dry without being disturbed
- You may even wish to do this inside if you have the necessary room. Check to see that all of the seams are thoroughly clean and dry. If the seams look to be a bit filthy, gently wipe them with a moist cloth or some rubbing alcohol before allowing them to dry completely. If you observe significant peeling of the seam tape, it will be necessary to remove it. Along the seams, apply a thin coating of sealant to prevent leaks. Allow for 8–12 hours of drying time.
Some individuals choose to seal the seams on the inside of the tent, while others choose to seal them on the outside, and still others choose to seal them on both. It’s entirely up to you; just make sure to adhere to the product’s directions. This video will give you a better understanding of how simple it is to seam seal your tent’s seams and floors. However, we recommend that you remove the rain fly so that you can more easily access all of the seams of your tent at the same time. When you’re through with your tent, you may close up your rain flay using tape.
- You may see it on YouTube.
- If the tear is small, you might use tape to hold it together on the other side while applying the sealant on and around the tear.
- Depending on the degree of the rip, you can apply a second coat of sealant after the first (8 – 10 hours) has dried to seal the tear.
- The following product is recommended for sealing tent seams: Seam Grip FC Seam Sealant is a fast-curing seam sealant.
- Many people prefer to apply the lotion with a little paintbrush or sponge brush rather than the brush that comes with the product.
- This product is suitable for materials such as canvas, nylon, polyester, and vinyl.
- For a more demanding application, Seam Grip WP Sealant Adhesive is a good choice.
- Although the product claims to last 8 hours, campers claim it lasts at least 24.
- This sealer may be able to withstand those minor rips better than the product mentioned above.
Check Amazon for the most up-to-date pricing information. According to the previous section, if your seam tape is peeling away, you may need to remove it before applying seam sealer. Depending on how badly it’s pealing, the answer will vary.
How to Waterproof Your Tent Floor
Cleaning and waterproofing the floor of your tent: The floor of your tent is sometimes referred to as the bathtub or tub floor since this area of the tent normally extends a number of inches up the walls of the tent. It keeps the seams off the ground and provides an additional layer of protection from water flowing and/or collecting on the ground during heavy rain. If you keep the floor of your tent clean and waterproof, it will help to protect all of your belongings such as sleeping bags, pillows, backpacks, and anything else that may be sitting on it.
- Having a clean, dry location to work is essential. Gloves and, if necessary, a mask
- To clean the area, use a sponge. Product of preference
Helpful hint: If the surface of your tent floor appears to be sticky or if you notice flaking of the current (old) product, you’ll need to wipe the area with rubbing alcohol before proceeding. However, before going, be sure you read the package instructions. The following are instructions for waterproofing the floor of your tent:
- Set up your tent in a well-ventilated, clean place. The seams and floor of your tent should be washed according to the product recommendations if they are filthy. The tent floor’s seams should be sealed once it has been thoroughly cleaned. Sealing the remaining portion of the tent floor should be done once the seams have been sealed. Allow to dry according to the manufacturer’s directions.
It will be demonstrated in the following video how to waterproof the floor of your tent. Waterproofing the bottom of your tent is a good idea. You may see it on YouTube. The following products are recommended for waterproofing your tent floor: Gear Aid Seam Grip in conjunction with TF Tent Fabric Sealant. A newer version of the product seen in the video above may be used on the seams of your tent floor as well as on the seams of your tent walls and ceiling. Despite the fact that it comes with a built-in foam brush to assist with application, campers claim that it is only useful for the seams.
This product is suitable for use with any synthetic fabric.
Check Amazon for the most up-to-date pricing information.
How to Waterproof Tent Fabric
Waterproofing the tent’s fabric and/or frame: The fabric/body of your tent is the most important component. There are many various types of fabrics that may be used to construct your tent; some give privacy and weather protection, while others, such as mesh, do not. Knowing what sort of fabric or material your tent is composed of is vital since different types of sealant are available for different types of fabric or material. When we consider about how to waterproof a tent, it is easy to forget about the tent itself since we believe that the fly would keep us safe from the elements.
In order to be safe, it’s important to waterproof your tent as well, because “better safe than sorry” is always the best policy.
If you are unsure of the material that your tent is constructed of, a short Google search will be of assistance.
To avoid wasting time and money on the wrong product, it is worth the three minutes it takes to double-check. As previously said, in this post, we will be concentrating on the most prevalent type of tent fabric, which is synthetic. Here’s everything you’ll need to get started:
- Making the tent fabric and body water-resistant: The fabric/body of your tent constitutes the majority of its overall structure and functionality. The fabric that makes up your tent can be made of a variety of different materials
- Some give privacy and weather protection while others, such as mesh, don’t. Knowledge about the material from which your tent is constructed is essential since different types of sealant may be used on different sorts of fabrics and materials. While pondering how to waterproof a tent, it’s easy to lose sight of the tent itself, believing that the fly will keep us safe from the elements. According on the wind direction and how much water falls from the fly, the water can enter the tent and cause damage. In order to be safe, it’s important to waterproof your tent as well, because “better safe than sorry” is always a good motto. Water beading up and rolling off the tent is what you’re looking for, after all. You can find out what your tent is composed of by doing a fast search on the internet. Simply go to the website of the tent maker. Not wasting time and money on the wrong goods is worth the three minutes it takes to double-check your purchase. As previously said, the focus of this article is on synthetic tent fabric, which is the most prevalent type of tent material. What you’ll require is as follows:
Applying the sealant is straightforward and should take less than half an hour once all of the necessary components are in place.
How to waterproof the fabric of your tent:
Nikwax tent and gear solarproof instructions are provided below; please remember to read the product directions thoroughly before using the product.
- Set up your tent on a bright and sunny day
- Make sure your tent is moist
- Apply the sealant in a thin layer, being careful not to get any sealant on the mesh areas of the tent. Paying close attention to the seams in particular. Using a sponge, wipe away any excess product. Allow it to dry completely (unless the manufacturer specifies otherwise) before storing it again.
You’ll see in the following video how simple it is to waterproof the tent fabric. We recommend that you first waterproof the tent before putting up the rain fly. More on it in a moment. Tent fabric made of polyester that is water resistant. You may see it on YouTube. Nikwax TentGear Solarproof is a product that is recommended for sealing tent fabric. All-in-one protection against damaging UV rays that may quickly degrade your tent’s sealant and additional water-repellent, Nikwax TentGear Solarproof is a perfect addition to your camping gear.
Check Amazon for the most up-to-date pricing information.
How to Waterproof Your Rain Fly
Waterproofing the tent rain fly: The rain fly is the cloth that spans over the main body of your tent and provides protection from the elements. This is a separate piece of cloth that is placed up once you have completed the setup of your camper. It is the one that will require the most frequent re-coating due to the amount of abuse it receives from the intense sun as well as from wet weather. Don’t forget to seam seal the seams of your rain fly before storing it. See the section above on how to seam seal your tent for further information.
Resealing your rain fly will allow the water to bead and flow directly off the tent without having a chance to touch the inside of the structure of the tent.
- Having a clean, dry location to work is essential. To clean the rain fly, use a sponge or a moist towel. Gloves and, if necessary, a mask
- A sealant of your choosing
How to check the condition of your rain fly: Set the rain fly up on a sunny day and then lightly spritz it with the garden hose to keep it looking good. The water will bead and flow off fast, revealing if the cloth is still waterproof or whether the water is soaking into the fabric and seeping through it. Assuming your rain fly is leaking, it is time to reseal the seams around the opening. Do you want to know how to put up a dome tent by yourself? a useful hint: Make certain you inspect the fabric to determine which sealant will be required, since synthetic and natural fibers may require different types of sealants.
For the sake of this demonstration, we are waterproofing a polyester (synthetic) rain fly.
(See the video in the preceding section about waterproofing your tent fabric for further information.) These instructions are for the Nikwax TentGear Solarproof, which is sold separately.
- Following the waterproofing and drying of your tent, you may put your rain fly over it. If your rain fly is filthy, thoroughly wipe it with a sponge and allow it to dry completely
- Using the hose, wet the bottom of your rain fly
- Sealant should be sprayed onto the rain fly in a uniform layer. When you have a minute, grab a sponge and brush away any excess sealant so that the sealant may cure in a uniform layer
- Allow for a couple hours of drying time.
Nikwax TentGear Solarproof is a product that is recommended for waterproofing your rain fly. As previously said, this product helps to protect against ultraviolet radiation and makes your cloth water repellent while yet allowing it to breathe.
Nikwax is also kind on the environment because it does not include propellant gases, is non-permanent, and is otherwise ecologically friendly and harmless. It has not been tested on animals and does not contain fluorocarbons. Check Amazon for the most up-to-date pricing information.
Waterproofing and You
That’s all there is to it when it comes to learning how to waterproof a tent: the tips and tricks. You can now be assured that you will have a good time on your next camping trip, no matter what the weather conditions are. Are you going to be waterproof before you go out? Have you ever tried to waterproof your own gear? If so, how did it play out for you? Please share your suggestions by leaving a comment on this post.
How to Waterproof a Tent: Helpful Tips for Staying Dry While Backpacking
Yes, you did it—you trekked a dozen kilometers deep into a mountain range, battling bugs, brambles, and some of the most beautiful sights along the way. Congratulations! The trip to your campground was exhausting, but once you arrived, you put up your tent, cooked a nice dinner, and settled down for a good night’s sleep. Your campground isn’t bothered by the approaching rain clouds since you’ve tented in the rain before and always slept comfortably and dry. This time, though, it is the sound of running water that awakens you up at 4 a.m.
It is imperative that you quickly put something over your tent to prevent the water from coming in.
When it comes to camping, nothing spoils a good time quite like a leaking tent.
However, what should you do before to hitting the trail to ensure that this does not happen to you is even more crucial.
What does “Waterproof” Really Mean?
The vast majority of contemporary tents are waterproof or at the very least water resistant. But what is it about a tent that makes it waterproof in the first place? After all, water is a molten liquid that can be broken down into its constituent parts, which are called molecules. So, how does a cloth tent manage to resist even the slightest drops of water? Unfortunately, the answer is no—at least not completely. In scientific terms, no fabric can be considered totally waterproof in the sense that no water will ever be able to pass through.
- Water, on the other hand, will not pass through a waterproof fabric under normal conditions unless the water pressure exceeds the fabric’s “waterproof rating.” It is customary for fabrics to be measured in millimeters for their waterproofness (such a technical phrase!) (mm).
- As a result, a fabric with a water-resistance rating of 1,500 mm can bear the weight of 1,500 millimeters of water sitting on it without bursting.
- In fact, it’s more rain than the city of Seattle, Washington, which is known for its heavy rainfall, receives in a year.
- However, if you’re camping in a tent, you’ll want to take into consideration groundwater that comes up from below.
- Furthermore, because your body weighs more than rain, a 1,500 mm rating, although sufficient for rain fly and tent walls, would be insufficient for the tent floors or footprint.
- Because of the greater rating, the tent floor can resist the increased pressure from your body for several days at a time when you’re out in the wilderness, if necessary.
Even in the most harsh three-season situations, they’ll hold up and remain dry for months on end.
How Does Waterproof Fabric Work?
Typically, waterproof fabric is constructed of many layers of synthetic material. The specs and layers of waterproof fabric produced by various manufacturers will change, but they will all have at least two layers in common. Outside textiles for camping gear are often made of nylon or polyester, which are not waterproof but are water resistant and feel good to the touch despite not being completely waterproof. Immediately behind it is a coated membrane, which is often constructed of polyurethane.
The fabric’s exterior layer has been coated with a Durable Water Repellent (DWR), which makes it completely waterproof.
When all of the layers are joined, you’re left with a fabric that is both breathable and entirely water-resistant.
What Causes a Tent to Lose its Waterproofness?
During their lifetime, tents, outerwear, and other waterproof textiles are worn down by dirt and oil particles that become embedded in the fabric, and the sun’s fading and eroding effect on the fabric’s surface. With continuous usage, the polyurethane coating on the outside of the tent fades and loses its effectiveness, and after a few summers in your tent, you may notice that it isn’t holding up as well against rain as it used to. The same is true for water-resistant coats, jeans, stuff sacks, and backpacks, among other things.
They’re normally fairly durable, but once the seam taping begins to wear away, water will accumulate around the seams and begin to leak through, thereby ending the game.
The good news is that you may quickly and economically restore the waterproofing properties of your tent to its original condition.
How to Waterproof a Tent
In the event that you have lately tented on a wet night, you may already be aware of the source of the leak in your tent. The trouble with water leaks, on the other hand, is that they almost never begin at the location where you first discover them. If your tent’s waterproofing has been compromised, there may be more than one leaky location to be found. Look for holes or rips in every inch of your tent and inspect it thoroughly. Some leaks are caused by something as simple as a micro-tear in a piece of cloth.
The majority of the time, though, leaky tents are a bit more difficult to fix.
Start by wetting the ground underneath you with a hose.
After that, go inside the tent and look for any signs of water that has made its way inside. Check the tent seams, walls/rain fly assembly, and tent floor/bathtub assembly for problems, since these are common trouble areas.
Supplies You’ll Need
- Oil-based rubbing alcohol is used to clean tent seams and surfaces in order to remove oil, grime, and other particles that inhibit proper sealing. Cloths, both wet and dry
- To clean the tent and remove dirt and grease, use water and soap. The use of DWR tent waterproofing spray, which is readily available online or at your local camping supply store
- Seam sealer, which works in a similar way to domestic superglue and is simple to get by online or at an outdoor-oriented store
Seal The Tent Seams
Repairing one of your tent’s seams is a wonderful idea, but it’s much better if you can fix all of them at once. It takes less than an hour to seal your tent seams, and it is rather simple (excluding drying time). Take the following steps:
- Tent seams should be cleaned. After wiping down each seam with a moist towel, apply rubbing alcohol to the area. The glue that was initially used to hold the tent seams together is now your adversary, and the rubbing alcohol will assist you in getting rid of it so that the seam sealer may do its function
- Tent sealer should be applied using a brush. Tent seams should be sealed using a specific sealant, which should be applied with a brush or popsicle stick to cover the whole seam. You don’t want it to be too thick or too thin since it will be uncomfortable. A thin layer of around a millimeter thickness is ideal
- Excess should be wiped away and allowed to dry. Excess sealant should be gently wiped away with a clean cloth or towel. Let the tent seams dry for at least 6 hours indoors or in the shade before putting your tent away for the night.
The seams of your tent will stay entirely secure and watertight for many years after they have been properly installed. The majority of the time, sealing your tent seams is a one-time, permanent solution. The seams will only need to be resealed once every 8-10 years unless you’re trekking in tough circumstances for months at a time.
Restore Waterproof Surfaces
It’s time to recoat your tent’s urethane coating with a new layer of durable water repellent (DWR) coating to keep it looking as good as new. This will extend the life of the tent by several years and only takes approximately 20 minutes to complete, excluding drying time. If you believe your old, trail-worn tent may benefit from a fresh coat of DWR, even if it hasn’t yet sprung a leak, it’s definitely worth the effort to give it a makeover! Here’s how it’s done:
- Set up your tent as soon as possible. When your tent is fully put up, either in your garage or garden, the quickest and most effective approach to refresh its DWR is to wash and wipe the tent clean. It is recommended that you wash your tent after each lengthy journey as part of your standard post-trek procedure after each trip. Preventing dirt and oil from getting into your tent before refreshing the DWR is critical to extending the life of your tent’s DWR coating. Take a towel or sponge and dip it in soapy water before wiping out every surface of the tent thoroughly. Once the tent has been thoroughly cleaned, you can proceed to the following step—there is no need to dry the tent at this point—which is to coat the tent with waterproofing spray (DWR). Apply a generous amount of DWR spray on the tent’s exterior, from top to bottom. Simply spray the tent’s outside surface, and the coating will soak into the fabric and bind with it when the tent is allowed to dry completely. Make certain that you cover every inch of the tent and that no fabric is left untouched
After you’ve completely covered the tent with DWR, wipe it down with a dry towel to remove any excess DWR and ensure that the tent has a clean, even finish. Once this is done, allow it to dry for at least 12 hours or overnight in a dry environment. When you’re finished, your tent will be restored to its original, completely waterproof condition. No more stressing about the weather while planning your next backpacking trip—rain or shine, you’ll be prepared with everything you need to sleep well while on the road!
Tips For Tent Waterproofing
Tent waterproofing can be viewed as a preventative step rather than only a remedy to a particular issue. Because applying a waterproofing treatment is so simple and inexpensive, you may believe that you should reapply it every year at the start of a new camping season. However, this is not the case. It’s perfectly OK to do so, but it’s not frequently essential. In general, good tents for camping will survive for at least four to seven years before they begin to naturally wear down and require a new layer of waterproofing.
Should I Use DWR Spray on My Backpack, Sleeping Bag, etc.?
If your camping gear is comprised of nylon or polyester, it’s likely that it has been treated with a water-repellent coating. Your tent’s waterproofing will decrease with time, and so will the waterproofing of your hammock-compatible sleeping bag, ultralight down sleeping bag, sleeping pad, and backpack over time. It is possible that you may need to update the DWR coating on your backpack and sleeping pad every few seasons, but your sleeping bag should not see enough wear and tear to require this.
What Seam Sealer and DWR Spray Should I Use?
What you choose to do is mostly up to you; seam sealers and DWR sprays from a variety of manufacturers all employ the same basic components.
Because of their long-standing reputation for quality and high level of trust in the backpacking world, many individuals choose Nikwax-branded gear. To be honest, no sealer brand is likely to be notably superior than any other in terms of performance.
Never Have a Leaky Tent Again
The process of learning how to waterproof a tent is almost as simple as the process of actually waterproofing it. Make sure you understand where the leaks are coming from, maintain your tent clean, and replace the DWR and seam sealant every few years to ensure that your tent continues to function at peak levels. Since when have you examined your tent to make sure it isn’t leaking? Do you have any waterproofing recommendations for our readers? Please share your thoughts in the comments box below!
Tent Waterproofing: Top Tips on How to Waterproof a Tent
It may seem bizarre to have to waterproof tents since one of its primary functions is to keep the rain out, but tent waterproofing is a necessary evil. Even the highest-quality camping tents, however, can degrade with time and lose their ability to protect the user from the elements. In order to give your wilderness home a little TLC, you’ll need to know what you’re doing and how to waterproof a tent when the occasion arises.
Why do you need to waterproof a tent
The majority of half decent tents are waterproof when you purchase them; nevertheless, there are some low-grade tents on the market that simply pretend to be water-resistant when purchased. These tents are not waterproof in any way, and they will begin to melt as soon as there is even a slight suggestion of moisture in the air. Not nearly, to be honest. However, when the wind picks up and the rain starts pouring, they will almost likely be insufficient protection. In this case, applying a tent waterproofing treatment will not make the tent impermeable, but it will increase its water resistance.
Just as dangerous ultraviolet (UV) rays may cause irreparable damage to human skin, so too can continuous exposure to the sun cause irreversible damage to textiles and other materials. Even a couple of weeks of camping in the hot summer heat may do severe damage to your tent’s fly sheet, limiting its ability to withstand heavy rain and other elements. One of the most effective strategies to extend the life of your tent is to keep it out of the sun as much as possible. If you want to camp in sunny areas, continue reading to learn how to do it safely.
Use and age
It is inevitable that fabric that is continuously beaten by the weather, that is coated in filth and dust, that is left to dry out in the sun, and that is then folded up in a bag and left for months, will degrade. As a result of the weather and dirt, water gets absorbed into the fabric, making it less efficient against rain and wind protection. Tent waterproofing treatments, such as DWR coatings, assist to extend the life of tent fabrics by covering the surface of the fabric with a water-repellent coating.
The strength of the tent seams will be compromised as a result of time and exposure to the environment.
When you purchase a tent, the majority of them will have fully sealed seams. However, seals can become compromised with time, resulting in leaks at the seams. This issue can be resolved by using a seam sealer.
Identify the problem
Consider this: before you spend a lot of money treating the entire tent and all of its seams with pricey tent waterproofing treatments, figure out which section of your tent is not performing properly. Examine your tent during the next downpour, or put it up in your backyard and spray it down with water to check for the following things: Have you ensured that it is correctly installed? Tents that are improperly set up will not perform as well as they should. Take care to ensure that all of the guylines are properly staked out.
- In order to maintain a proper separation between the inner and outer fly, make sure the outer fly is staked out well.
- Is there any evidence of water leaking through the seams?
- If there is water dripping through the seams, you will need to reseal them using a seam sealer to prevent further water damage.
- It is necessary to pitch your tent on damp ground and then sit in your tent for a period of time in order to thoroughly test this.
- Is there any evidence of water leaking through the main fabric of the tent fly?
- The tent appears to be missing a tarp.
How to waterproof a tent
Some individuals waterproof their tent after every few uses, while others do it on a more regular basis. Others may only do tent waterproofing once over the lifetime of their tents! Your tent’s waterproofing frequency is determined by the amount of time you spend in it, how well you care for it, and under what conditions you use it. We recommend that you do this at least once a year, at the start of the camping season.
01 Clean your tent
It is necessary to thoroughly clean your tent before using a tent waterproofing solution, seam sealer, or tent repair tape.
- Set up your tent as soon as possible. Toss some mild detergent or a tech wash into a pail of warm water and set it aside. Clean it with a gentle sponge until it is completely clean, giving special care to the seams. Before drying the tent, spray it with a tent waterproofing agent.
TOP SUGGESTION: Do not wash your tent in the washing machine!
02 Apply a tent waterproofing treatment
- Set up your tent as soon as possible. Make certain that the tent is clean and moist
- Using a spray, brush, or sponge, apply the treatment to the tent fly from top to bottom. Any surplus product should be cleaned up with a wet towel. Allow it to dry completely before putting it away.
03 Seal the seams
- Make sure your tent is clean and dry before you begin. Lay the tent out on a clean, level surface with the inside of the seams facing up
- This will ensure that the tent stays dry. Apply a tiny amount of rubbing alcohol on a dry towel and wipe the seam to remove any remaining stains from the fabric
- Remove any portions that are flaking away with care. Apply the seam sealer using a tiny brush in accordance with the manufacturer’s directions. Allow it to dry completely before putting it away.
The best waterproof tent sprays
Tent waterproofing solutions are available in a variety of various formulations. Some people choose to wash their tents in addition to treating them with waterproofing. Others include ultraviolet (UV) protection. Here are a few of the greatest alternatives:
Nikwax Tent and Gear Solarproof
- One of the most effective techniques of tent waterproofing is really a preventive measure. As a result of the Solarproof treatment, the fabric is strengthened and protected against UV damage, in addition to providing water repellency and strengthening the fabric. Use of your tent should be preceded by the application of this product.
Kiwi Camp Dry Heavy Duty Water Repellent
- In contrast to the Nikwax products, this Kiwi Camp treatment has a high concentration of chemicals. It is recommended to apply two applications for the optimum effects, and it may be used on objects other than tents.
Nikwax Tech Wash
- Nikwax Tech Wash is generally used as a washing treatment for technical textiles, but it also has the added benefit of revitalizing breathability and water repellency. It is a good idea to include some waterproofing as a preventative measure
Star Brite Waterproofing Spray, Stain Repellent + UV Protection
- In the same way as Nikwax Solarwash protects your tent before you use it, this product protects your tent before you use it. However, it should only be used after the tent is completely dry, and it may be used on a variety of various goods.
Scotchgard Outdoor Water Shield
- Waterproof tent spray that is simple to apply and can be applied in a single application
- It may also be used to provide water repellency to other items of outdoor gear.
Cotton canvas is used to construct some of the most comfortable and long-lasting tents for camping and glamping. Bell tents and teepee tents, for example, function exceptionally well in inclement weather. This high level of performance may be attributed to both the structural design and the durability of the canvas fabric. Camping enthusiasts have relied on cotton canvas for generations because of the inherent qualities of the fibers to make a highly waterproof fabric that has proven to be durable and long-lasting.
This is not due to the fact that they are defective, but rather due to the fact that the waterproofness of cotton canvas actually increases when it is wet.
Preventing your tent from becoming wet first can save you money on a time-consuming and expensive canvas waterproofing treatment.
ADVICE FOR WATERPROOFING CANVAS: Before you go camping, set up your tent in your lawn and give it a thorough soak with the water from your garden hose pipe. It will become more waterproof when it has been allowed to dry.
Tent waterproofing with a tarp
It’s always possible to add a waterproof tarp to your camping set up if the notion of treating your tent with a chemical-based treatment isn’t appealing to you or if you’ve put off tent waterproofing until the last minute. Build a tarp over your tent in the same manner as you would normally, making sure that your entire tent is completely covered. Consider where the water from the tarp will be draining to, and make sure this area is free of gear, shoes, and other items of clothing. Tent waterproofing may appear to be a time-consuming task, but it will help to extend the life of your tent by many years.
Read our post on eco-friendly camping for additional information on how to be a more environmentally conscious camper.
How to waterproof an inexpensive tent
Q. Several years ago, I purchased an 8-person tent from Wal-Mart at a reasonable price. Even while it’s been fine for camping in our backyard with the family, we’re planning on visiting a few of state parks soon, so the ease of rushing into the house if it starts to rain won’t be available. The tent was labeled “weather-tec” or something along those lines, which basically means it will keep you dry. I really don’t want to spend the money on a new tent. What do you think the situation will be if it starts to rain?
- Greetings, Keith.
- Your instincts are correct – there is a significant likelihood that your tent will not be completely waterproof after all.
- What they normally lack in terms of durability and weatherproofness, and they are frequently heavier than high-end camping gear, are these characteristics.
- First and foremost, you may get a basic tarp from your local hardware shop (which will most likely cost you less than $15) and place it above your tent.
- You may also use a waterproofer like Nikwax Concentrated TentGear Solar Proof ($13-$39;), which you would mix with water to cure your tent, as a second option.
- Because of the size of your tent, you’ll most likely need to utilize the entire 1-liter pouch, which costs around $39 dollars.
Will it be able to transform your Wal-Mart tent into something suitable for an Everest expedition? While it’s not likely, it should be enough to get you through a camping season.
How to make your tent waterproof?
As a passionate camper, you devote a significant amount of your effort to arranging the ultimate vacation experience. After all of your preparations, what if you wake up “soaked in water” on that same weekend because it rained overnight and your tent is not water-resistant? It would be nothing short of a complete and utter horror. Consequently, in this post, we will discuss how to make your tent rainproof/waterproof, as well as what you will need in the event that you are caught in the rain at your camp-location.
- DWR sprays or silicone water repellent sprays can be used to keep your tent watertight.
- Using a rainfly, tarp, or PU coated sheets to temporarily waterproof your tent is also a classic method of keeping your tent dry.
- And what should you do if you don’t have any of these resources?
- Let’s get this party started!
How to make your tent waterproof?
Tent waterproofing is a popular choice among consumers, and there are many different choices available on the market. Let’s start with the most often seen scenario.
DWR Wash Sprays
Among the many benefits of Durable Water Repellents (DWR) spray is the fact that it is breathable. It is unlikely that you would feel uncomfortable while inside your tent if you use one of these sprays. Because the pores of the majority of waterproof sprays are entirely blocked, men who use them report feeling overheated and smothered when inside. Washes with DWR maintain a high contact angle between the water droplets and the cloth. This permits water droplets to accumulate on the edges of the container and finally fall out.
- What is it about them that I recommend?
- The finest water repellency, among other things, is provided by these tents without compromising the breathability of the tent.
- The majority of them are also biodegradable, making them completely harmless to the environment.
- Simply spray your upright tent well with water and distribute the droplets evenly with a sponge or soft cloth, and you’re ready to go for the evening.
- The downside of these sprays is that they must be re-coated after each application.
- However, because the application procedure is so simple, anyone may simply handle it!
They are also extremely reasonably priced. A ten-ounce bottle of water costs roughly $10 to $15. What could be more affordable than that? Hunh?!
Silicone waterproofing spray for tents
Aside from being the most often utilized waterproofing technology, silicone sprays are also the most widely available. The silicone layer has a tendency to fill all of the holes with its molecules, making it impossible for water particles to get through. The market is flooded with waterproofing sprays of various varieties and at a variety of costs, making it difficult to pick the perfect one. What is it about them that we recommend? Water repellents with a silicone basis are also quite effective.
- They are also reasonably priced and may be used on a wide range of camping equipment, not only tents.
- It is a disadvantage of silicone water repellents because they must be applied with care and precision.
- Aside from that, there are other silicone water repellents available on the market.
- The following is a product recommendation: Kiwi camp dry is one of the most dependable silicone water repellents available on the market.
- Apart from tents, it may also be used to protect your leather shoes, jackets, and raincoats from becoming wet or ruined.
- You can get the most up-to-date pricing information on Amazon (Link)
Waterproofing wax coating
Due to the fact that wax does not mix well with water, wax coating is an excellent method of preventing water penetration. However, because of the effect it has on breathability, this approach is not as often utilized as DWR wash. Wax does the same function as oil in that it forms a membrane over the tent fabric, sealing all of the holes and pores. It doesn’t allow any water molecules to pass through at all. In addition, applying wax across a big surface area of a tent is a time-consuming task as compared to using a spray-on solution.
- What is it about them that we recommend?
- If you require a tent and tent accessories such as a vestibule that are extremely water resistant, the wax coating will meet your needs.
- What is it about it that we don’t like?
- Because of the lack of air permeability, it is possible to experience extreme perspiration and suffocating while in the tent.
Recommendations for products: I would recommend using a bee wax that is derived from natural sources, such as the Atsko Sno-Seal (Link). It is effective on both cotton and leather articles, such as your shoes and coats, and is inexpensive.
What sections of my tent require waterproofing?
The base fabric, seams, and zippers of a tent are the three sections of the tent that are most susceptible to water infiltration. Sprays such as those indicated above may be effective on flaps and walls, but they are ineffective on seams and zippers.
Due to the pores between each stitch, seams are more prone to water leaking than other parts of a tent since they join two panels together. A tent’s seams must be completely sealed in order for it to be waterproof. Sealant for Tents Made of Silicone: Silicone based seam sealants are excellent for waterproofing the most vulnerable parts of your tent. They are long-lasting, simple to use, and may keep your tent dry for a longer amount of time if properly applied. The product that I suggest is. theSeam Grip by Gear Aid is a gripping system for seams (AmazonLink).
When it comes to coping with wet weather, poor-quality zippers are the worst of the worst. These zippers have a tendency to become caught, and they can also cause water to leak into the tent. Before purchasing a tent, it is a good idea to inspect the zippers as well. Polyurethane Coated Zippers: The YKK zipper from Uretek is the most popular and highly recommended PU coated zipper. Zippers are protected from all types of corrosion and degeneration thanks to a polyurethane coating.
How to Cater to A Leaking Tent On Trip?
We’ve spoken about how to make your tent water-resistant before you go on your journey. Imagine that we are already on our way to the campsite and our tent begins to leak. What would we do? Let’s talk about ways to save money on the vacation.
1 Use a tarp or any other nylon sheet
A rain fly is normally included with certain tents, but because yours does not, this is not the case. You may use any tarp or nylon sheet to cover your tent and knot it in an A shape around it. Nylon is a hydrophobic fabric; it is not totally water resistant, but it is capable of withstanding water to a certain amount. It will enable water to flow down and finally dry your tent if you place it over it in an A shape over the top of your tent.
2 Gorilla tape will save the day
This may appear to be absurd, yet it is quite effective. All that is required is that you patch up all of the holes with gorilla or duct tape applied from the inside. Another option is to seal seams and zippers with gorilla tape in order to prevent water droplets from entering.
3: Don’t let water sit on top
When it rains, flat surfaces are your worst adversary. If water collects in one spot for an extended period of time, it may produce a leak. Water droplets will make their way into the tent as a result of the pressure of the water. Make your tent’s top and the group sheet higher than the ground in order for water to flow outside the tent once it falls from the top.
Do you need a waterproof tent?
This is dependent on the quantity of dew, snow, or rain that you anticipate at your campground. A tent with strong water repellency is all that is required in the majority of situations.
Tents that are water resistant are often more expensive than a standard tent. Consequently, it’s a good idea to examine whether any of the waterproofing materials listed above may be used to make your existing tent functional again.
What is the Different Between Water Repellency and Water Proofing?
Water repellency suggests that the material has some ability to prevent water from penetrating into the weave, but in certain tents, droplets will ultimately find their way in since the weave is porous and permeable. Waterproof fabric, on the other hand, is often treated with chemical layers, which have the effect of blocking all of the natural pores and weaves of cloth that a tent contains. In the event of water or air entry, waterproof tents are fully impervious.
Tent waterproofing rating – HH Rating
The majority of camp manufacturers mention an HH rating either on the tag or elsewhere within the tent specifications itself. It is indicated by the letter HH – hydrostatic head rating, which indicates the quantity of water that your tent can withstand or the amount of water pressure that is necessary to break through the waterproof covering.
|Hydrostatic Head (mm)||Water Repellent/Proof||Good for|
|0-5000||Slightly water repellent||Drizzling|
|6000-10,000||Highly repellent to water||Light rain|
|10,000-15,000||Water proof (under low pressure)||Moderate rain|
|15000+||water proof (under high pressure)||Heavy rain|
Tent Waterproofing – Conclusion
In order to avoid an unpleasant camping experience, it is critical that your tent does not leak while you are away from home for the weekend. For this purpose, you may either purchase a costly waterproof tent or make your old tent waterproof by following the steps outlined in the preceding section. A tent that ends up smothering us is hardly the most perfect of circumstances. In order to breathe, be comfortable, and enjoy the weather without getting wet, we want a decent hydrostatic-head that is made of sturdy fabric, seams, and zippers that will not rip or tear.
Have a great time camping!
Camping equipment that is recommended: I’ve created a list of all of my favorite camping gear in one convenient location.
Check them out on my website dedicated to recommended camping gear.