How To Build A Canopy Tent Frame

How to Make an Outdoor Canopy

Article in PDF format Article in PDF format Canopies are a simple and effective method to give shade and shelter from the weather for outdoor gatherings such as parties or picnics. You may either build a freestanding canopy with four poles or support your canopy with a wall and two poles. A canvas drop cloth or tarp, some strong cable, and a couple long poles are all you need to construct a simple canopy that you can put together in no time.

  1. 1 Purchase a high-quality tarp with grommets that is large enough to cover the space that needs to be covered. Use a silver tarp to provide the most protection from both the sun and the rain when camping. If you can’t obtain a silver tarp, a blue tarp will suffice.
  • 1 A good-quality tarp with grommets that is large enough to cover the needed area should be purchased. Make use of a silver tarp for the most effective protection from both the sun and the rain. If you are unable to locate a silver tarp, a blue tarp should suffice.
  • 2 Prepare the space for the canopy by clearing it of debris and laying down the tarp on the ground. Ensure that the area where you will be setting up the canopy is free of any debris. Lie down the tarp flat on the ground in about the location where you want it to be set up
  • The space must be cleared in order for the tarp to lay level on the ground and for there to be nothing underfoot to trip over when you are setting up your canopy.
  • Advertisement
  • s3 Nylon rope should be used to tie a tent pole to each corner of the tarp. 1 7 ft (2.1 m) tent pole should be placed in each corner with the tips of the poles in the grommets. To hold the tent poles in position, thread one end of a 10 ft (3.0 m) length of 0.25 in (6 mm) nylon rope through each grommet and around the tip of each tent pole, then tie it in a tight knot.
  • Leave all of the extra rope that isn’t tied around the grommets and tent poles in its original location. This item will be used to tie down the canopy to the ground, which will be done with tent stakes. A canopy made of stainless steel tent poles is the ideal option since they are durable and will not rust, but you can also use bamboo or hardwood poles in their place. Outdoor and camping equipment stores have the tent poles and nylon rope you’ll need for this project.
  • 4 With the assistance of four persons, raise the tarp and secure the poles into the ground. Recruit the assistance of four individuals, and have each person stand in a corner with a tent pole in hand. As a group, carefully raise the canopy and spread it out until the tarp is tight, then fasten the poles to the ground with the utmost care.
  • During the process of attaching the canopy, keep everyone standing in the corners and hanging on to the poles
  • If you don’t have anybody else to assist you, you may do it alone, one pole at a time. You avoid the poles from falling over when you are stretching out the canopy, be sure to fully press them into the ground.
  • During the process of attaching the canopy, keep everyone standing in the corners and hanging on to the poles
  • If you don’t have anybody else to assist you, you may finish it by yourself, one pole at a time. You avoid the poles from falling over when you are stretching out the canopy, make sure to fully drive them into the ground.
  • Once the ropes have been tied in each corner, everyone may release go of the canopy, which should remain in place. If you are doing this by yourself, take care not to pull the ropes too tight, since this might cause the canopy to topple over.
  • Put one longer tent pole in the centre of the canopy and secure it to the ground using screws. One 8-foot (2.4-meter) tent pole should be positioned below the centre of the canopy so that the tip of the pole raises the middle of the canopy up. Secure the opposite end of the pole into the ground by pushing it down firmly.
  • A) The tension of the canopy will hold one end of the middle pole in place, and b) The ground will hold the other end of the middle pole in place
  • In order for rainwater to flow off of the sides of the canopy, it is necessary to lift the centre of the canopy somewhat using a longer pole. You may use some string lights to illuminate your canopy at night, which will make it more appealing.
  1. 1 Take the time to purchase a canvas drop cloth in the desired size with grommets in the corners. Make certain that it is large enough to cover the area that you like to shady. Make a note of the tarp’s dimensions in case you need to reference them later while drilling holes in the wall.
  • 1 A canvas drop cloth in the size you want with grommets in the corners should be purchased. It should be large enough to completely encircle the area you intend to shade. When you are drilling holes in the wall, make a note of the measurements of the tarp.
  • 1 A canvas drop cloth in the size you want with grommets in the corners should be obtained. Make certain that it is large enough to cover the area that you wish to shade. Make a note of the tarp’s dimensions in case you need to use them later while drilling holes in the wall.
  • 1 Purchase a canvas drop cloth in the desired size with grommets in the corners. Make certain that it is large enough to cover the area you wish to shade. Make a note of the tarp’s dimensions so that you may refer to them when you are drilling holes in the wall.
  • 3 Screw two screw eyes or hooks into the wall with a screwdriver. Metal screw eyes or hooks should be inserted into the holes you previously bored and tightened with a screwdriver. In order to keep the drop cloth attached to the wall, these will be utilized.
  • On one end of a screw eye is a metal loop with a screw in it. The metal screw eyes or hooks may be purchased at a hardware shop.
  • Metal loops with a screw on one end are known as screw eyes. Metal screw eyes and hooks are available at most hardware stores.
  • Make an effort to secure the drop cloth as near to the wall as feasible.
  • Make an effort to secure the drop cloth as near to the wall as feasible
  • And
  • You may use aluminum tent poles, bamboo tent poles, or wooden tent poles to construct your structure. Make sure to keep the excess rope tied to the poles since you will be using it to fasten the canopy with tent pegs later on in the process.
  • 6 Extend the two ropes in the front and fasten them to tent pegs in the ground to secure the tent. Using your hands, pull the cords out from each corner as far as they will go, and then put tent stakes in the ground where they will reach the ground. To keep the canopy in place, tie the cable to the posts.
  • If possible, have someone hold the tent poles securely in place as you extend out and tighten the cords
  • This will ensure that the tent is not blown over.
  • 7 To create a peak in the canopy, place one longer pole in the centre of the canopy. Placing one end of an 8 foot (2.4 m) pole below the canopy in the middle will help to keep the canopy in place. Make sure the opposite end of the pole is securely planted in the soil.
  • 7 To form a peak in the canopy, place one longer pole in the middle of it. In the middle, place one end of an 8-foot-tall (2.4-meter-tall) pole below the canopy to serve as a support. Incorporate the other end of the rod into the earth firmly

Inquire about something There are 200 characters remaining. Include your email address so that you may be notified when this question has been resolved. SubmitAdvertisement Thank you for submitting a suggestion for consideration!

Things You’ll Need

  • The following items are required: 1 high-quality tarp with grommets
  • 4 7 foot (2.1 meter) tent poles
  • 1 8-foot (2.4-meter) tent pole
  • 40 feet (12 meters), 6 mm nylon rope
  • 4 tent stakes
  • A canvas drop cloth with grommets
  • Two 7 ft (2.1 m) aluminum tent poles, bamboo poles, or wooden poles
  • One 8 ft (2.4 m) aluminum tent pole, bamboo pole, or wooden pole
  • Twenty-five feet (7.6 m) of strong cord
  • Two tent stakes
  • Two metal screw eyes or hooks
  • A drill
  • A tape measure
  • A canvas drop cloth with grommets

About This Article

Summary of the ArticleXTo construct an outdoor canopy, begin by purchasing a tarp that has grommets, or little metal rings, in each corner. Lay the tarp down on the ground and connect the end of a tent pole to each grommet with a nylon rope to secure it in place. Lift the tarp off of the ground and drive the tent poles into the ground to complete the installation. Afterwards, draw the nylon ropes at each corner taut and stake them into the ground to secure the structure. Lastly, insert a longer tent pole in the center of the canopy in order to elevate it higher in the air.

Did you find this overview to be helpful?

We appreciate you taking the time to write it!

Did this article help you?

Getting a tarp with grommets, or little metal rings, in each corner is the first step in creating an outdoor canopy. Article SummaryX Then, spread the tarp down on the ground and, using nylon rope, attach the end of a tent pole to each grommet. Lift the tarp off of the ground and drive the tent poles into the ground to complete the project. Pull the nylon rope taut at each corner and stake it into the ground when you’ve completed this. Lastly, place a longer tent pole in the center of the canopy in order to elevate it higher off the ground.

Were you able to benefit from this overview?

  • Knowing how to set up a tent on the fly in any scenario is essential. having the option of not purchasing a store-bought tent in order to save money
  • Having the option to modify a tent to meet your specific requirements

Whatever the reason for your interest in this project, the information provided below will assist you in determining what you need to know about how to get started. Because there are so many various methods to build a tent on your own, make sure to take the time to go through our recommended videos for even more ideas. Now, let’s get started on learning how to build a DIY outdoor canopy tent structure and cover that can be used in almost any circumstance!

Materials

  • In order to construct the four sides of the canopy tent, as well as the support beams, you will require a sufficient number of PVC pipes. According to the size of the tent you intend to build, this quantity will vary.
  • An acute 90-degree angle is formed by these types of connections. These will be utilized to link the corners of the frame when a third pipe is not required to be attached
  • An acute 90-degree angle is formed by this type of joint.’ These will be utilized to link the corners of the frame where a third pipe will not be required to be attached.
  • This can be accomplished with virtually any saw. You will want anything that is capable of cutting through PVC piping, but you will not require anything that is very heavy-duty. If you choose, you may use a hand saw instead of a power saw for this project
  • The choice is entirely up to you and whatever tools you happen to have on hand.
  • When you’re through with the canopy frame construction, you’ll want to use the rubber cement to assist you attach the PVC pipes together. If you want something that is less permanent, you may leave it off.
  • Optional, but you may wish to use bungee cords to tie the tarp covering to your PVC piping structure once you’ve completed constructing your canopy
  • However, this is not required.
  • A tarp is one option, but there are many more available. It is totally up to you whatever sort of covering you employ. A tarp, on the other hand, is an inexpensive and lightweight solution that works well for a quick and easy DIY canopy. You may also purchase prefabricated sun screen sail cloth or tent canopy fabric if you want something more permanent. If you choose to take this path, you may find that the size of the tent you can make is restricted by the size of the cloth you use.

Directions

  • 1First and foremost, choose the size of the tent you intend to construct. This will assist you in determining the amount of PVC pipes that you will require. Once you’ve worked out your dimensions, multiply those numbers by three and bring that amount with you to the hardware shop to get started. In order to execute this DIY project, you’ll need to find three different sizes of PVC pipes that will fit together to form the desired dimension. Set the pipes in a rectangular frame and link them together using elbow joints at the corners and T-joints in the centre
  • 3Repeat this procedure to create the middle section of the frame and the top portion of the frame in exactly the same manner. It’s important to remember that the quantity of PVC pipes and connections you’ll need will vary based on the ultimate size you choose for your canopy. 6After you’ve assembled your canopy frame, use the rubber cement to secure everything in place so that it won’t move around or fall over easily. 7If you’re using vertical pipes, attach them to the T-joints on each level of the frame. 8If you’re using T-joints, attach them to the vertical pipes. 9If you’re using T-joints, attach them to the vertical pipes.
  • Consider leaving one of the cross-bars uncemented so that you can easily remove and replace it as needed to enter and exit the tent on one side if you desire an easier route to enter and exit the tent on that side.
  • Install your tarp over the top of your canopy tent and get ready to utilize it for any outdoor event you may have planned. 8 Congratulations! You have just finished your quick and simple PVC pipe outdoor canopy tent project
  • Congratulations!

Conclusion

We hope that our short and simple how-to tutorial has given you a bit more confidence in your ability to erect a tent without the need to acquire a tent frame from a retailer.

There are various situations in which it may be preferable to purchase a tent that has already been assembled and is ready to use, including the following:

  • When you’re searching for something that won’t need you to spend a lot of time putting it together, a readymade tent can be the best option. For those searching for something that will last and can be used for multiple days in a succession, a prefabricated tent may be the best choice
  • However, readymade tents are more expensive. The purchase of a readymade tent may be an excellent alternative if you want something that can be folded up or down quickly for camping and trekking conditions.

A DIY tent may not be the best option in other situations, but you’ll have to assess what is appropriate for your individual case depending on your requirements. Make your own tent frame and cover. There are many instances in which this is a fantastic alternative that may save you a significant amount of money; thus, don’t be afraid to experiment with one if you believe it may be appropriate for your situation. Are you aware of any evidence that a tent you create yourself would ever be just as robust as one that is purchased from a retailer or ordered online.

  1. No, you will not be able to do so—but you will need to take additional measures.
  2. No matter where you decide to set up your tent, you may fix it to the ground using sandbag anchors or stakes and ropes, just like you would with a store-bought tent, to make it more safer and more durable.
  3. The most recent update was made on January 31, 2022, at 07:44.
  4. This product’s price and availability information will be presented on the product’s purchase page at the time of purchase.
  5. It is understood that the content on this website is provided ‘as is’ and that it may be changed or removed at any time.
  6. This involves thoroughly assessing all of our blog entries and always putting out our best effort to provide our readers with the most accurate information and facts available.
See also:  How To Make A Homemade Tent For Inside

Quick Answer: How To Build A Canopy Tent Frame Pole

A DIY tent may not be the best choice in other situations, but you’ll have to assess what is appropriate for your particular case depending on your requirements. Make your own tent frame and cover. There are many instances in which this is a fantastic alternative that may save you a significant amount of money; thus, don’t be afraid to experiment with one if you believe it may be appropriate for your needs. Are you aware of any evidence that a tent you create yourself would ever be just as robust as one that is purchased from a shop or ordered online.

  1. No, you will not be able to do so—but you will need to take certain measures.
  2. It doesn’t matter where you decide to set up your tent; you can attach it to the ground using sandbags or pegs and ropes, just like you would with a store-bought tent.
  3. You shouldn’t have any trouble using a handmade PVC tent in lieu of a store-bought one as long as you prepare ahead of time and take the necessary measures.
  4. Products are priced and made available according to current market conditions at the time of publication.
  5. Amazon provides some of the content that appears on this site.
  6. The editing processes and rules that we have established for our website are adhered to on a consistent basis.

This involves thoroughly assessing all of our blog entries and always putting out our best effort to provide our readers with the most accurate information and facts available. Please go to our About Us page for further information if you want further clarification.

How do you make a tarp canopy?

How to Make a Tarp Shade Canopy for Your Yard Prepare the surrounding surroundings. Attach the poles to the corners of the building. Tie the corners together. Fix the poles to the ground using screws or bolts. Attach the center pole to the frame. Fix the canopy in place. Decorate.

How do you secure a portable garage?

What is the most effective method of securing your portable garage? Various types of anchors, such as rebar, concrete, asphalt, and mobile home anchors, can be used to complete the task successfully. Weights and water ballast can also be used to help keep your portable garage stable and secure.

How do you keep a canopy down?

Each of your bucket handles should be secured with a bungee cord or a strong knot tied with rope. If you’re using rope, make sure it’s long enough to reach the top frame of your canopy, where you’ll tie a knot to keep it in place. A bungee cord will also need to be able to stretch that far in order to be effective. Connect the other end of the cable or rope to the frame of your tent.

How do you secure a canopy tent in high winds?

Attach each of your bucket handles with a bungee cord or a strong knot made of rope. The rope you choose for your canopy’s top frame should be long enough to reach the top frame and make a knot at the top of the canopy’s top frame. As well as having the ability to extend that far, the bungee cord will also need to be strong enough. Your tent frame should be connected to the opposite end of the cord/rope.

How big of a tent do I need for 75 guests?

In a Single Glance Standing Cocktails Seated Dinners are available in various sizes. ten to ten (100 sq. ft) 16 to 20 ten ten and twenty cents (200 sq. ft) 30-35-years-old 10:00 a.m. 10:00 a.m. 10:00 a.m. 10:00 a.m. 10:00 a.m. 10:00 a.m. 10:00 a.m. 10:00 a.m. 10:00 a.m. 10:00 a.m. 10:00 a.m. 10:00 a.m. 10:00 a.m. 10:00 a.m. (300 sq. ft) 50-55 years old 30 20/20 is a mathematical formula that represents the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of the square root of (400 sq.

ft) 65-75 years old 40

What size tent do I need for 100 guests?

An In-Depth Look Stand-up Cocktail Reception Sit-down Dinner ten ten (100 sq. ft) sixteenth to twentieth tenth ten and twenty (200 sq. ft) thirty-fifth twenty-first The hour is 10:30 and the time is 10:30 and it is 10:30 and it is 10:30 and it is 10:30 and it is 10:30 and it is 10:30 and it is 10:30 and it is 10:30 and it is 10:30 and it is 10:30 and it is 10:30 and it is 10:30 and it is 10:30 (300 sq. ft) 30-35 years old 50-55 twenty-two centimeters twenty-two centimeters twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-seconds twenty-second (400 sq.

ft) 40 years old and above

How many tables does a 20×20 tent fit?

A 20 × 20 tent has enough space to accommodate up to 48 people comfortably. 6 tables may be accommodated under this size tent if the tables are 8 feet long and rectangular in shape.

How much weight do you need to hold down a 10×10 canopy?

One canopy maker suggests putting at least 40 pounds on each corner of a 1010 tent, and double that amount on a 1020 tent for added strength. Umbrellas should weigh no more than 50 pounds. It is important to note that the weight of signs will vary based on their size. Always make sure that your canopy is securely fastened to the ground.

What material is used for bed canopy?

In order to build a gorgeous canopy bed, you may choose whatever sort of fabric you desire. Chintz, silk, velvet, and tapestry are examples of traditional materials used for canopies.

How do you secure a car canopy?

Canopy Anchor Bag — ShelterLogic anchor bags make it simple to attach canopy stability weights to a structure. All you have to do is fill each bag with up to 30 lbs of heavyweight materials, such as sand or stones, and then attach each leg using hook and loop fasteners. With plenty of additional weight on every corner, your canopy will remain firmly in place.

How do you secure a beach canopy?

If you want to maintain your canopy in place, you should think about employing one or more of the three beach-friendly options listed below. Staking should be done with rebar. Rebar is a steel rod with ridges along the length of its length. Sandbags should be tied to the tent legs. Suspend a 5-gallon bucket from the eaves of your building.

Should you put a tarp over your tent?

It is recommended that you use a tarp to cover your tent since it will increase the tent’s water resistance and wind endurance. In addition, it may keep pine needles and acorns from getting into your tent. It may also be used to protect your belongings when you leave them outside, and in rare situations, it can even be used in place of tents to reduce weight.

How do you keep a canopy tent from blowing away?

If you’re setting up your tent in a parking lot or on a concrete sidewalk, you should connect tent weights to each of the tent’s legs to assist keep it from wobbling, sliding, or blowing over completely. Sandbags that are both sturdy and suitably weighted are an ideal choice for this application.

How big is a 20×20 tent?

In the case that you are erecting your tent in a parking lot or on a concrete sidewalk, place tent weights to each of the tent’s legs to assist keep it from wobbling, sliding, or blowing over entirely. This is where sandbags, which are long-lasting and appropriately weighted, come in handy.

What are the easiest tents to put up?

What is the quickest and most straightforward tent to erect by yourself that we recommend? For Backpacking, the best option is the Teton Sports Instant Tent (1/2 Person). Core Instant Cabin Tent for up to 9 people. The best all-around tent. The Vango Dart Pop Up is a little inflatable boat that can be taken anywhere. Tent for three people. Wenzel Klondike is a fictional character created by author Wenzel Klondike. Tent for eight people. 2/3/4/6 Person Coleman Sundome Dome Tent (Coleman) Vango Airbeam Odyssey Air 500 Villa Tent is a Vango Airbeam Odyssey Air 500 Villa Tent.

How many tables fit under a 10×10 canopy?

Tents TableChairs and Chair Information SIZE The number of people that can be accommodated by a square foot of seats (using 60′′ round tables) is 1010 100 10 1020 200 20 1030 300 30 1010 100 10 1010 100 10 1010 100 10 1010 100 10 1010 100 10 1040 400 40 1040 400 40 1040 400 40

How do you set up a canopy?

The majority of canopy tents are supported by four legs, with bigger versions having as many as eight or more. Instructions on How to Set Up a Canopy by Yourself Remove all of the items from the container. Prepare the Canopy Legs by gluing them together. Put the Roof on the Top of the Building. Raise the frame to your liking. Raise the legs to your chest. Check to see that the canopy legs are securely fastened.

How much wind can a pop up canopy take?

For the purpose of resolving the issue, how much wind can an inflatable canopy withstand is as follows. Pop up canopy tents are designed to withstand a significant amount of wind before collapsing. For example, winds ranging between 18 and 30mph (around 29 and 48kmph).

How do you hold a tent down without stakes?

In order to protect your tent from blowing away, you may use rocks, logs, tree ties, your own wooden tent pole, firewood, and sticks to assist keep it from blowing away. Continue reading to see how these methods can be of use to you.

What is the easiest pop up canopy?

When a windy day threatens to blow your tent away, you may use rocks or logs to anchor it to a tree or build your own wooden tent stake out of firewood and sticks. You may learn more about this in the next sections.

How To Build A Canopy Tent

How to Make a Tarp Shade Canopy for Your Yard Prepare the surrounding surroundings. Attach the poles to the corners of the building. Tie the corners together. Fix the poles to the ground using screws or bolts. Attach the center pole to the frame. Fix the canopy in place. Decorate.

What is the easiest canopy to set up?

The finest pop-up canopy is one that is easy to set up, can survive inclement weather, and can be packed away into a small space that fits in the trunk of most automobiles. The ABCCANOPY Patio Pop Up Canopy Tent is the best overall choice. Best Choice Products Instant Pop Up Canopy Shade Tent is the winner of this contest. The Eurmax 10’x10′ Ez Pop Up Canopy Tent is the quickest and most convenient to set up.

Should you put a tarp over your tent?

It is recommended that you use a tarp to cover your tent since it will increase the tent’s water resistance and wind endurance. In addition, it may keep pine needles and acorns from getting into your tent. It may also be used to protect your belongings when you leave them outside, and in rare situations, it can even be used in place of tents to reduce weight.

How many people can be in a 10×10 canopy?

Tents TableChairs and Chair Information SIZE The number of people that a square foot of chairs can seat (using 8′ rectangles) 100 tens of a tenth 10-12 1020 200 25-27 1020 200 25-27 1020 200 25-27 ten thirty three hundred 37-40 1040 400 50-55 1040 400 50-55

How do you make a tent without wood?

15 Different Ways to Make a Tent (DIY tents) So let’s get this party started: Make a canopy bed using an embroidery hoop and cloth using this easy DIY project. Make a no-sew tepee out of bamboo and thread to keep warm in the winter. Make a reading nook in the kids’ room for them. Making an outdoor playhouse for the summer, courtesy of a children’s activities site. Make a play tent out of a clothesline. This toy tent is constructed from dowels.

How do I make my camping tent more comfortable?

Drink a cup of tea before going to bed. Alternatively, another hot beverage. Make some physical activity a priority.

Consume a tiny amount of food. Make sure you’re wearing long underwear and fresh socks. Place dry garments inside your sleeping bag to keep you warm. Wear a cap made of knitted yarn. Warm water bottle by your bed as you sleep. Close the sleeping bag all the way.

Which is better slant or straight leg canopy?

Slant leg canopies are frequently less expensive and have a sleeker appearance, but they are not as sturdy as canopies with a straight leg structure, which are more expensive. Straight leg frames will be more sturdy and will give the maximum covering while taking up the least amount of area on the floor. In comparison, the slant leg canopy will only give around 60 sq. ft. of shade.

How much wind can a pop up canopy take?

For the purpose of resolving the issue, how much wind can an inflatable canopy withstand is as follows. Pop up canopy tents are designed to withstand a significant amount of wind before collapsing. For example, winds ranging between 18 and 30mph (around 29 and 48kmph).

How do you make a tent house with bed sheets?

Make a fort-tent in the traditional style. For chairs facing outward, drape the sheet over the tops and let it to hang down to the seats on each side of the table on the outside. Afterwards, arrange cushions or books on top of the sheet, so that it rests against the seat of the chairs. If you’re making a larger tent, you may use binder clips to connect one sheet to another.

How do you make a large canopy?

Instructions on How to Set Up a Canopy by Yourself Remove all of the items from the container. Prepare the Canopy Legs by gluing them together. Put the Roof on the Top of the Building. Raise the frame to your liking. Raise the legs to your chest. Check to see that the canopy legs are securely fastened. Canopy with a lot of space. Canopy for shade.

How much weight do you need to hold down a 10×10 canopy?

One canopy maker suggests putting at least 40 pounds on each corner of a 1010 tent, and double that amount on a 1020 tent for added strength. Umbrellas should weigh no more than 50 pounds. It is important to note that the weight of signs will vary based on their size. Always make sure that your canopy is securely fastened to the ground.

See also:  How To Make A Light Tent Photography

How do you hang a large canopy tent?

Canopy with a Pop-Up Structure Lifting the tent off the ground and pulling apart from each other will allow it to open half way, as shown. The canopy should be adjusted so that it sits properly in relation to the frame, and then it should be pulled from the legs to completely open. Holding the leg with one hand and using the other to lock the leg in place is the proper technique.

How do you secure a canopy?

To attach the canopy to the tent pegs, use bungee cords or thick, strong rope to hold it in place. One end of the rope should be thrown over the horizontal bar that serves as the roof’s edge. This should be done in the corner. To assist the canopy stay in place, tie a piece of rope around one of its legs.

How do you hang a curtain on a canopy tent?

To attach the canopy to the tent pegs, use bungee cords or a thick, strong rope to tie it in place. One end of the rope should be thrown over the horizontal bar that serves as the roof’s perimeter edge. In the corner, put this. To help secure the canopy, tie a piece of rope around one of its legs.

Why does a tent leak if you touch it?

When a tent’s canvas is touched during a rainstorm, the tent begins to leak.

What causes this? When you place your finger on a wet canvas, surface tension will pull the water to your fingertip. When the humidity is high, whatever is left will still attract condensation more than the rest of the inner tent surface, causing it to seem to leak from that location.

How do you set a tarp over a tent for rain?

Shelter Structure Made of A-Frame Place your tarp on top of the ground and stretch it out as much as possible. Secure the tarp’s four corners by securing them with guylines via the holes produced by the guylines. Keep it taut so that the rain may drain away from the tent properly after you are done.

How do you make a tent without sticks?

Set up your tent by tying one end of your rope around a tree, far enough away from the trunk so that when it is hanging loose, it reaches the middle of the location you have in mind for your tent. In case the tree is too high to reach or shimmy up to knot one end, toss the rope over the tree and work with the double length instead! 2.

How do you make a tent out of 4 chairs?

1. Make a knot in one end of the rope around the tree, far enough away from the trunk so that when the rope is hanging loose, it strikes the middle of the location you intend to set up your tent. In case the tree is too high to reach or climb up and knot one end, toss the rope over the tree and work with the double length instead! 2.

Who makes the best instant canopy?

Reviews of the Top 10 Best Pop-Up Canopies Eurmax The Ez Pop Tent Commercial Instant Canopy is 10′ x 10′. Instant Beach Canopy by Coleman, 10 x 10 Feet, Blue. AmazonBasics Tent with a Pop-Up Canopy – 10 x 10 ft. CORE Inflatable Instant Shelter Pop-Up Canopy Tent with Wheeled Carry Bag (10′ x 10′). Canopy for E-Z UP SR9104BL Sierra II 10 by 10-Feet Tent.

How to Set Up a Canopy in 6 Quick Steps

When you make a purchase after clicking on one of our affiliate links, we may get a commission at no additional cost to you. More information may be found here. Designed to provide shelter from the weather while participating in various outdoor activities, canopy tents are becoming increasingly popular. This is one of the reasons why they are so popular among adventurers of all types. It’s a dependable piece of camping equipment that comes in a variety of various sizes, such as camping chairsdo.

Some variants even come with specific accessories and additional stakes, depending on the type.

The appropriate size is determined by your individual requirements and preferences.

How to Set Up a Canopy by Yourself

So, what is the best way to set up a canopy tent and how do you create a canopy tent? Whether you’re thinking about purchasing a canopy or already have one and need assistance setting it up, the rapid setup canopy tent instructions provided below will be of assistance.

1. Remove the Stuff from the Box

The first step in learning how to put up a canopy is the same as the first step in learning how to set up a camping canopy: remove all of the components that came with the case or box. Keep in mind that most canopies are sent in a protective storage container that is specifically intended to keep them secure from harm.

Everything should be laid out on top of a table with the soft cloth that came with it to the side. Set everything aside for now. Make careful to lay the cloth flat before beginning so that it does not wrinkle as you work your way through the procedure.

2. Prepare the Canopy Legs

It is the same as setting up a camping tent: the first step is to remove all of the components that are contained in the case or box, just as it is when setting up a canopy for the first time. Take note that most canopies are sent in a protective storage container that is intended to keep them secure from harm. Disassemble and set everything out on top of a table, with the soft cloth that was provided to the side. Maintaining a level surface for the cloth during the process will help to avoid wrinkling.

3. Put the Roof on Top

Place the roof material on top of the canopy’s structure and secure it to the very top of the frame with a tarp or bungee cord. So, what is the best way to construct a canopy tent frame? Tents at Burning Man are available in a variety of sizes and styles. employ several attachment methods, ranging from Velcro to snaps and tie-downs, to name a few. Once you’ve linked the top, you can start working on extending the legs by drawing them apart one at a time, starting with the first.

4. Raise the Frame

Assemble the canopy’s frame by draping the roof material over top of it and attaching it to the very top of the frame using screws. In order to construct a canopy tent frame, follow these steps. Tents at Burning Man are available in a variety of styles. Different connection techniques, such as Velcro, snaps, and tie-downs, can be used. Once you’ve linked the top, you may start working on extending the legs by drawing them apart one at a time, starting at the bottom.

5. Raise the Legs

You will now begin to raise the canopy legs at this stage in the process. Each leg normally has four to six holes, which are intended to allow you to change the height of the leg to your liking if necessary. Pushing the canopy up on one of its legs will raise its height. Repete the process with each leg until the CORE tent is at the height that you choose. Incorporate a spring into each leg to ensure that it will remain in place no matter what happens. Certain models necessitate the use of clips in the mounting holes.

6. Make Sure Canopy Legs Are Secure

Tie a rope or stake to the bottom of each leg to keep the canopy in place and safe. These should be positioned at the bottom of each leg for stability. It doesn’t matter if you use a rope or a stake as long as it maintains the canopy in place and doesn’t move. Personally, I recommend utilizing anything that has some weight to it because there will be nothing to maneuver about with.

Types of Canopy Tents

Canopy tents are available in a variety of various styles and designs. The next section provides a brief explanation of each kind.

Large Canopy

When hosting a large outdoor celebration, a wide canopy is great for keeping you protected from the sun, rain, and wind. It is also common for this particular model to be offered in a variety of various sizes.

Shade Canopy

A shade canopy is intended to protect people from the sun’s ultraviolet rays. It’s made of a tough roof material that prevents the sun’s rays from passing through to the inside. Although the majority of these models are not waterproof, they will shield you from the most dangerous effects of the sun while still letting you to take use of the sun’s advantages.

Having said that, there are a plethora of manufacturers that provide waterproof treated shade canopies in a variety of sizes ranging from tiny to huge.

Instant Canopy

Designed to give UV protection from the sun, a shade canopy is a structure that covers a structure. It is constructed of a durable roof material that prevents the passage of the sun’s rays. Although the majority of these models are not waterproof, they will shield you from the most detrimental effects of the sun while still letting you to take advantage of the sun’s health-giving properties. Having said that, there are a plethora of companies that offer waterproof treated shade canopies in a variety of sizes ranging from tiny to enormous.

Garden Canopy

This is one of the most adaptable solutions you have available to you at this time. For outdoor events, as a light shelter for your portable inflatable sofa, or to shield delicate plants from the intense sunshine, you may make use of these structures.

Final Thoughts

As you can see, there are a variety of canopies available to meet a variety of requirements and applications. Installing and configuring each of them is a breeze, and you can use them for a variety of purposes, like sheltering plants from the sun and keeping your friends and family safe while having a BBQ. Most importantly, you now understand how to put one up in a matter of minutes! If you have any questions or concerns about this procedure, please let us know in the comments section below.

Amazon.com: Impact Canopy 10′ x 20′ Pop-Up Canopy Tent Frame, Replacement Aluminum Frame with Dust Cover : Everything Else

5.0 stars out of 5 for this product Tents Are Our Specialty! On January 2, 2020, the United States government reviewed the document. We sell our vegetables and kelp baskets, rattles, and smudge goods at weekly Farmers Markets and several holiday exhibits throughout the year (SEA BASKET FARM). We offer an abundance of tents and canopies. It was necessary to have the 10×15 frame for an interior performance since it would be used to contain the lights for the exhibition, as well as seasonal decorations, among other things.

A well made, robust frame with outstanding surface finishes—a true work of art in the world of tents!

Reviews with images

On January 2, 2020, the United States government reviewed the document. Size: 10x15Style: Commercial Grade Steel FramePurchased with a verified receipt We sell our vegetables and kelp baskets, rattles, and smudge goods at weekly Farmers Markets and several holiday exhibits throughout the year (SEA BASKET FARM). We offer an abundance of tents and canopies. It was necessary to have the 10×15 frame for an interior performance since it would be used to contain the lights for the exhibition, as well as seasonal decorations, among other things.

  • A well made, robust frame with outstanding surface finishes—a true work of art in the world of tents!
  • On January 2, 2020, the United States government reviewed the document.
  • We offer an abundance of tents and canopies.
  • This canopy, like all of our canopies, is of the highest quality, and this one is no exception.
  • The photographs in this review On December 4, 2019, a review was conducted in the United States.
  • Worthless.
  • On December 16, 2019, a review was conducted in the United States.

According to the United States government, on May 29, 2018, 10×10 inches in size Frame Material: Steel Purchase that has been verified Setup is quick and simple, and the structure is robust.

Amazon.com: Impact Canopy 10′ x 10′ Pop-Up Canopy Tent Frame, Replacement Aluminum Frame with Dust Cover : Everything Else

5.0 stars out of 5 for this product Tents Are Our Specialty! On January 2, 2020, the United States government reviewed the document. We sell our vegetables and kelp baskets, rattles, and smudge goods at weekly Farmers Markets and several holiday exhibits throughout the year (SEA BASKET FARM). We offer an abundance of tents and canopies. It was necessary to have the 10×15 frame for an interior performance since it would be used to contain the lights for the exhibition, as well as seasonal decorations, among other things.

A well made, robust frame with outstanding surface finishes—a true work of art in the world of tents!

Reviews with images

On January 2, 2020, the United States government reviewed the document. Size: 10x15Style: Commercial Grade Steel FramePurchased with a verified receipt We sell our vegetables and kelp baskets, rattles, and smudge goods at weekly Farmers Markets and several holiday exhibits throughout the year (SEA BASKET FARM). We offer an abundance of tents and canopies. It was necessary to have the 10×15 frame for an interior performance since it would be used to contain the lights for the exhibition, as well as seasonal decorations, among other things.

  • A well made, robust frame with outstanding surface finishes—a true work of art in the world of tents!
  • On January 2, 2020, the United States government reviewed the document.
  • We offer an abundance of tents and canopies.
  • This canopy, like all of our canopies, is of the highest quality, and this one is no exception.
  • The photographs in this review On December 4, 2019, a review was conducted in the United States.
  • Worthless.
  • On December 16, 2019, a review was conducted in the United States.
  • According to the United States government, on May 29, 2018, 10×10 inches in size Frame Material: Steel Purchase that has been verified Setup is quick and simple, and the structure is robust.

MONARCHTENT™

When buying for a high duty pop up tent, the first thing you should look for is an aluminum frame. You’ll come across a number of powder coated steel tents, but you should immediately disregard them if you’re searching for high durable quality. Steel is only utilized for the most basic of entry-level frames. Even though the MONARCHTENT is constructed of a sturdy aluminum frame, we need to dig a bit deeper to understand what makes the complete product so durable. Related Article:The Difference Between a Steel and an Aluminum Tent Pop-Up Frame Made of Anodized Aluminum The MONARCHTENT is a one-of-a-kind product that is manufactured from the ground up in our Michigan manufacturing facility using anodized aluminum components.

  • It’s impossible for defective parts or bad craftsmanship to get it out of the building when there are so many eyes on the operation.
  • They support the weight of the frame, and in lower-cost frames, it’s not uncommon to find them constructed of low-cost plastic as a cost-cutting strategy.
  • It is somewhat significant.
  • We knew this would be the case, therefore we carefully constructed our MONARCHTENT with metal connecting sections.
  • Is it possible that you don’t enjoy swinging from the scissor pieces?
  • Strong winds, rain, and other unfavorable weather conditions are all prevented by the use of those identical pieces of equipment.
  • Yes, it does!
  • That functionality places a great deal of strain on the seams and material, so the quality must begin with the fundamentals.

That is why we’ve tested nearly every denier polyester and stitching pattern available on the market. Listed below is how we’ve applied what we’ve learnt to produce tangible results:

Canopy Kits, Poly Tarps and Frame Fittings

Canopies, canopy frame components, and tarps are all available from us in a variety of sizes. Our kits feature high-quality joint fittings that are intended for use with EMT tubing (electrical conduit) or chain link fence tubing, among other things. They feature heavy-duty tarps that are available in a variety of colors, as well as all of the ball ties needed for construction. Our canopy kits are not only a low-cost alternative to those expensive wobbly pop-up shelters or flimsier PVC pipe constructions, but they also have an almost limitless number of uses.

  1. Numerous building supply and fence supply businesses carry tubing for use in construction.
  2. Steel EMT tube fittings are available in 3/4 inch and 1 inch diameters, as are 1 3/8 inch, 1 5/8 inch, and 1 7/8 inch chain link fence tube fittings.
  3. In addition to flat top (90 degree) roof fittings, we also provide fittings for sloped roofs with a 102 degree slope, 110 degree slope, and 120 degree slope.
  4. For inspiration, have a look at our canopy samples page.
  5. They are available in white, silver, green, and striped.
  6. Browse our collection today.
  7. High quality ball ties (bungee), foot pads, claw anchors, auger anchors, duckbill anchors, ratchet tie-downs, tarp tape, spring clamps, fabric clips (snap clamps), and the ZIPUP TM zipper are available to help you finish your design.
  8. We would be delighted to assist you with the design of a canopy for your purpose, or you may use our innovative canopy design software.
  9. These PVC fittings are utilized in a variety of projects, including the building of PVC Greenhouses, PVC Row Covers, PVC Raised Garden Beds, chicken coops, temporary shelters, and other similar structures and structures.

We also carry 5.5 mil Panda Film, 7 mil Panda Film, and 6 mil greenhouse film in addition to the 5.5 mil Panda Film. Fabric pots, as well as a growing assortment of greenhouse materials, are available in addition to this.

How to Make a Shade Canopy with a Tarp

Canopy tents are an excellent addition to any outdoor area since they can be used for a variety of functions. This structure provides excellent shade when camping or hosting a backyard party. It also enables you to offer a plethora of entertaining events that will inspire your children to spend more time outside, away from their electronic devices. Using a shade cover may also help to protect your automobile or other belongings from the elements, such as rain or excessive sunshine. Though purchasing a canopy from your local store is an easy and convenient option, there is nothing more fulfilling than creating your own canopy.

See also:  How To Raise Humidity In Grow Tent

It takes only a few simple supplies to construct your own canopy in no time!

What you need for a DIY Canopy

  • This includes a good-quality tarp with grommets, in whatever size you need based on the size of your canopy (blue tarps may be as tiny as 5’x7′ feet and as large as 30’x40′ feet tarps, for example, whereas silver tarps can be as small as 8″x10″ feet and as large as 20’x30′ silver tarps)
  • Six-millimetre poly or nylon rope (about 40ft in length) for the corners, one 8-10ft tent pole, tent stakes, and a tarp are all you’ll need.

Good-quality tarp with grommets; the size of the tarp depends on the size of your canopy; blue tarps can range in size from 5’x7′ feet to 30’x40′ feet, while silver tarps range in size from 8’x10′ feet to 20’x30′ silver tarps; a good-quality tarp with grommets; Six-millimetre poly or nylon rope (about 40ft in length) for the corners, one 8-10ft tent pole, tent pegs, and a tarp for the floor.

How to Make a Shade Canopy with a Tarp: Step-by-Step

Make a clean sweep of the area where you intend to construct the canopy shade. The tarp should be laid down level on the ground.

2.Attach the poles to the corners

Place the 7-8ft poles at each corner of the tarp, with the ends of the poles fitting into the circular grommets on the tarp’s corners. Each pole should be tied together using a rope.

3.Tie the corners

Using the assistance of another person or a family member, carefully lift the poles to ensure that the tarp remains suspended in the air. Ideally, you should have one person in each corner of the room holding the pole. Yes, this is a collaborative effort, and everyone in your family is welcome to participate.

4.Secure the poles to the ground

Carefully lift the poles with the assistance of another person or a family member so that the tarp is suspended in the air. At each corner, ideally, there should be one person holding the pole. There will be a lot of collaboration involved, and everyone in your family is encouraged to participate.

5.Attach the central pole

The pole in the centre of the canopy shade will provide more strength and stability for the shade. This is where you will need to utilize the additional 8-10ft tent pole you purchased earlier. Position the pole at the middle of the tarp and then raise it to the desired height by pushing it up from the center. Make sure the pole is as securely anchored to the ground as possible.

6.Secure the canopy

Tighten the canopy until the surface is smooth and free of wrinkles. The tarp’s surfaces will not become clogged with water or dirt as a result of this. The strength of your canopy shade is primarily influenced by how securely you tied the tarp to the poles and how firmly the poles were connected to the ground during the installation process.

7.Decorate

Now comes the even more enjoyable part: personalize your shade canopy by decorating it according to a certain theme or design in mind.

What makes outdoor canopies so appealing is that you can quickly modify the décor based on the occasion and the weather conditions. You could also consider adding lights to your canopy so that you and your family can continue to enjoy your time together even in the nights.

Additional Pointers

Tarps are available in a variety of materials, but choosing the proper one is critical if you want your canopy to endure for a long time and provide you with more protection from a variety of different weather situations. Tarps in either silver or blue are suitable for use as a canopy shade. Even though blue tarps provide rain protection, they do not offer the same level of UV protection as silver tarps. As a result, wherever possible, go for a silver tarp to cover your outdoor canopy. Poles are still another significant consideration.

  1. Stainless steel poles are the best choice since they do not rust.
  2. Building a shade canopy is a fun DIY project that the entire family can participate in.
  3. When constructing the canopy, exercise extreme caution and attention at all times.
  4. Check out these 10 safe DIY ideas that can assist you in completing your projects more quickly and easily.

How To Repair Canopy Frame: Step-by-Step Guide

Even though tarps are available in a variety of materials, selecting the proper one is critical if you want your canopy to survive for an extended period of time and provide you with more protection from a variety of weather situations. Use either silver or blue tarps to create a canopy shade for your tent. When it comes to rain protection, blue tarps fall short of silver tarps when it comes to UV protection. In order to save money on your outdoor canopy, wherever possible, pick a silver tarp.

  • Use either wood/bamboo poles or metal poles to support your structure (which are more popular).
  • Due to the fact that your canopy will be exposed to a wide range of weather conditions, this is an important factor to consider.
  • A few basic things are required to get started: a roof tarp, tent poles, rope, and tent anchors.
  • A robust and durable shade canopy may be created by anchoring the poles into the ground.
  • Steel tubes for the frame that have been replaced
  • Viseto is used to hold metal and other objects that need to be shaped or cut. If you are adding your own replacement components that need to be cut to size, you will require a steel cutter. Anvil (for reshaping bent frames or driving in new pieces)
  • Sledgehammer (for driving in new parts)

Why and How Can Your Canopy Frame Be Broken?

A broken canopy frame may be a terrible situation to find yourself in. It’s even more aggravating if you’re not sure how it became damaged in the first place. Additionally, when it comes time to repair your canopy frame, it might be necessary to understand how the frame was damaged and why it is not functioning correctly before you can begin working on resolving the situation.

Even if you aren’t sure what caused your tent frame to break in the first place, there are a few frequent reasons why individuals wind up with broken tent frames:

There are a variety of accidents that can easily result in your canopy frame becoming dented, bent, or angled in a way that makes it impossible to set up or take down properly, ranging from cars and other vehicles backing up or running into your tent frame to large crowds shoving against and into your tent. Due to the fact that a damaged frame may typically still stand after an accident, it’s crucial to always perform a fast check of your tent during tear down and set up so that you can take stock of any section of the frame that isn’t aligned properly.

  • If you or your setup team did not adhere to the set-up instructions to the letter or used unsuitable tools to erect your tent, this might have resulted in damage to the frame.
  • Though tents can withstand a certain amount of rain and wind, severe weather conditions have the potential to cause structural damage to your tent structure.
  • It is possible to begin the repair process once you have discovered where and how the damage has occurred to your frame.
  • If you don’t need to completely replace a part or redo the entire frame, you may just build on top of what is already there and secure the broken sections as needed.

1.Prepare Your Brace

When securing a brace – our recommended method of repairing a damaged canopy frame – you’ll want to make sure you use the best materials and that everything is properly prepared so that it can be properly fitted and fastened. A brace for your tent may be made out of a variety of materials, but we recommend using a steel support tube, which can be found at any hardware shop or home improvement center. In addition to steel, other materials such as wood pieces or PVC pipe may be used to create a brace.

In order to guarantee that your brace is water and rust proof, you may spray paint it with Rustoleum or another type of spray paint before connecting it to your frame.

2.Drill Holes in Your Brace

When you’ve finished constructing your brace, you’ll need to drill holes into it in order to attach it to the damaged section of your tent frame and provide the necessary support for your canopy.

Because you’ll be drilling into steel, you’ll need to put your brace in a vice and use a drill bit designed specifically for drilling into metal when you’re through. Before you begin drilling holes, make sure you are wearing protective face and body protection.

3.Slide Your Brace into the Broken Part of the Frame

Once your holes have been drilled, you may attach your brace to the section of the frame that has been damaged. Using an angle grinder to alter the size of the brace may be necessary if you are having difficulty fitting the brace into your tent frame; however, checking this before proceeding to the next step is highly recommended to avoid disappointment. The brace will be ready to be secured once it has been placed within your tent’s frame.

4.Fix Your Brace with a Drill on Both Broken Parts

As soon as you have the tent bracing in the appropriate location, drill a hole through it (using the holes you have previously made) to fix it in position. Remember to attach the brace to both broken parts/pieces of your damaged tent frame in order to offer additional stability and ensure that the tent will set up properly when the tent is assembled.

5.Screw the Bolts and Other Details to Their Places as Before

Using bolts (and any other fastening materials you choose to use) to screw the brace into position on your tent frame will allow you to be certain that your brace is precisely where you want it. When all is said and done, double-check that your brace is secure, and then set up and break down your event tent as you normally would to confirm that the brace is functioning correctly. By the time you’ve completed this step, you’ll have fixed your pop-up canopy frame and should be able to use your canopy tent once more with no further problems.

What Are the Other Ways to Fix Your Canopy Frame?

If your canopy tent structure has been damaged in another manner, or if you just want to save money by performing your own repair, there are several options for you to consider, including the following:

  • Plumbing Pipes- We’ve seen people utilize PVC pipes to construct outdoor games and entire canopy tents, so why not use them to fix your broken canopy frame? If you aren’t too concerned with the appearance of your frame and don’t mind having a random pipe integrated into it, this might be a low-cost repair alternative. You may even spray-paint the pipe to match the frame’s original color later, allowing it to blend seamlessly into the frame’s overall appearance. Wood Pieces- Not only are wood parts useful for measuring and cutting pieces, but they also serve as a firm base for mending your canopy frame, making them an excellent resource to have on hand while repairing your frame tent. In certain cases, a household hammer may be sufficient to fix a tiny bend in one of the steel legs or support parts of a pop-up canopy structure (no sledgehammer needed). For the purpose of seeing if the tool will work, a conventional hammer may even be the best choice to begin with, as a larger tool or sledgehammer may be too powerful and may wind up denting and harming your frame even more. It is possible for your pop-up tent canopy to become ripped or torn, and this is something you should avoid doing if at all possible. If you discover a hole or tear in your pop-up canopy, you’ll want to repair the ripped canopy as soon as possible to avoid more damage and to keep your canopy in good condition.

What If I Can’t Fix My Frame?

Drainage pipes (PVC)- We’ve seen individuals utilize PVC pipes to construct outdoor games and entire canopy tents; why not use them to repair your broken canopy frame? A low-cost repair option if you aren’t too concerned with appearances and don’t mind having an unidentified pipe fitted into your frame. Additionally, you may spray paint the pipe to match later and seamlessly include it into the original design of the pop-up frame. A fantastic resource to have on hand while mending your canopy frame are wood pieces, which are not only useful for measuring and cutting components, but they also serve as a sturdy foundation for your canopy frame.

For the purpose of seeing if the tool will work, a conventional hammer could even be the best choice to begin with, as a larger tool or sledgehammer might be too strong and might wind up denting and harming your frame even more.

If you discover a hole or tear in your pop-up canopy, you’ll want to repair the ripped canopy as soon as possible to avoid more damage and to keep your canopy in good condition;

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *